More than 250 thousand people in three weeks have signed a petition on the portal Change.org against the legal prohibition of baby-boxes in Russia, which provides resonance , the bill of Senator Elena Mizulina.
According to the author of the petition, which is planned to be sent to the Commissioner for children’s rights in Russia Anna Kuznetsova, need not to close the few baby-boxes, but rather to place “life” across the country: “Baby box – is the hope of the child to life. Is the possibility of the baby not freezing, not dying on a deserted street, not to be thrown down the garbage chute”.
Mizulina, the bill sparked heated debate in the society and negative opinion of the government, which called for significant revision of this document. However, Mizulina refused to amend his bill. The Senator said that he sees no sense sense to finalize it before the first reading in the state Duma, “it is logical to make amendments to the second reading”.
In late September, she hastened to informthat the government has approved its bill, but then it turned outthat it is not.
Mizulina proposes to prohibit the organization of anonymous abandonment of children, and for violation penalties ranging from one to five million rubles or suspension of activities of a legal person for a period up to 90 days.
In the opinion of the Cabinet indicated that the projected article 6.19 of the code of administrative offences “requires clarification as the wording allows for broad interpretation of the objective side of the projected administrative offense”. This may give rise to inconsistent enforcement, including judicial practice, warned in the White house.
Also, the government recalled that the Convention on the rights of the child provides that every child has the inherent right to life and the right to know their parents and be cared for by that States parties to the Convention must ensure, in accordance with their national legislation.
Meanwhile, the Ministry of health of the Russian Federation said that the baby boxes will not solve the problem of infanticide mothers, because such crimes tend to be crimes of “asocial women”.
The first baby-boxes in Russia appeared in October 2011, the main credit for this belongs to the Perm Foundation “Cradle of hope” and its President Elena Kotova. Now in Russia there are 20 baby boxes in 11 regions, in 16 subjects of the Federation in negotiations.
The cost of one “life” – about 400 thousand rubles. This amount includes the design, installation, commissioning and system for SMS-notification: messages about what box they were opening, come on a mobile phone in the Fund.
The first baby-boxes appeared in Perm and in the Krasnodar region, then in Tyumen, Kursk, Stavropol and Yekaterinburg. At the same time started the project “Anonymous childbirth”: Foundation staff work hard to ensure that women know about this possibility, and the doctors were very understanding.
The Foundation believes that if women are assured of anonymity, they are likely to prefer to give birth in hospitals than at home, and in this case, the child will not be in danger, and the specialists will be able to speak with the mother and to somehow help.