In Russia almost halved the number of people who nine years ago saw the harm in a multiethnic Russia. However, in 2015 the Russian still almost a quarter. In addition, many can not definitely say about the benefits from the large number of nationalities that co-exist within a single state.
Fund “Public opinion” conducted for the Federal Agency on Affairs of nationalities (Rosnes) a poll on a multiethnic Russia, the newspaper “Vedomosti”. Respondents were asked to answer the question: “the fact that in Russia there live people of different nationalities, brings her overall more benefit or harm?” A similar survey was conducted in 2006.
It was found that 23% of respondents see more harm in a multiethnic Russia. In 2006, the same figure reached 39%. With 45% of Russians believe that the large number of nationalities within the Russian Federation brings benefits (nine years ago this was the opinion of 34%).
The number of those who find it difficult to answer and varies with age is irrelevant. In 2006, 27% could not decide, useful still multinationalism or harmful. In August 2015, 32% found it difficult to answer the question.
In addition, 90% of respondents say they have never been discriminated against on ethnic grounds. At the same time, 16% of Russians admitted that they have a dislike of people of other nationalities. While 27% of respondents believe that workers in their community “a lot”, and every fourth sees the conflict between the locals and the migrant workers (60% of respondents do not notice anything like that).
Head Renaca Igor Barinov called the results of the survey as a whole disappointing. “The survey results are encouraging, but not calm, but rather that the average temperature in the hospital. In recent years, we have no mass ethnic conflict, but a sharp point, where such relations are still tense, remain – the Volga region, the Crimea, North Caucasus and other”, – explained the head of Department.
To neutralize potential conflict situations, the Federal Agency is going to conduct more research and develop a comprehensive monitoring system, said Barinov. “The IT component will be responsible for the monitoring of the media, the blogosphere and processing of data, the second part is for in-depth social research and evaluation, cooperation with various state agencies. The system will allow you to understand current processes and to foresee future conflicts,” – said the President.
Member of the presidential Council for human rights, Yevgeny Bobrov believes that to solve the problem of negative attitudes towards migrants is necessary in school to foster respect for the working man, whatever nationality he may be. “Labor migration would not dilute the Slavic ethnic group, most come here for families. But if strictly prohibit the entry of migrants, the economic process will stop on the first night,” concluded the expert.
The President of Russia Vladimir Putin has established a Federal Agency on Affairs of nationalities at the end of March 2015. The Agency has been tasked with the development and implementation of state and Federal programmes in the sphere of international relations, overseeing the implementation generosity, the state monitoring in the sphere of interethnic and interfaith relations, the prevention of any forms of discrimination on grounds of racial, national, religious or linguistic identity and the referee attempts to incite racial, national or religious hatred and enmity, hatred or enmity.
Previously many of these powers were the Ministry of culture and the Ministry of justice of the Russian Federation.
It is worth noting that the new Agency came amid complaints of Crimean Tatars to the deterioration of their situation after joining the Peninsula to Russia. In January 2015, “Committee on the protection of the rights of the Crimean Tatar people” adopted an appeal to the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko and the UN Secretary-General ban Ki-moon urging “to prevent the destruction of the Crimean Tatar people”.
In addition, human rights defenders have repeatedly stated about the infringement of the rights of Crimean Tatars by the authorities of the Peninsula. Their leader, Mustafa Dzhemilev, in particular, on April 22, 2014 banned from entering Crimea for five years. In this earlier Dzhemilev has asked the Prosecutor General’s office of Ukraine opened criminal proceedings against 387 Crimean war, who joined the service of the Russian Federation.
In March 2014 on the basis of the referendum, which, in the opinion of the Western countries, was held with violations, Russia annexed the Crimea. After that a number of foreign countries have imposed sanctions against Russian politicians, officials, businessmen and public companies. In response to this the government has restricted the import of Western goods.