American archives for the first time published a list of the purposes of the atomic bombing in case of war with the USSR
The office of the national archives and documents of the U.S. for the first time in history published a detailed list of potential goals to which the United States would drop the atomic bombs in case of war with the Soviet Union, reports The New York Times. In the list reflects the number and types of targets on the USSR territory and in Eastern Europe and China. The translation of the article publishes InoPressa.
The list has many purposes, to be “systematically destroyed” in the major cities: 179 in Moscow (including “agricultural equipment” and “power transformers”), 145 in Leningrad and 91 in East Berlin. “A lot of industrial enterprises, administrative buildings and things like that, but every city has one goal, called simply “the population”, writes the author notes Scott Shane.
“The purpose is described only generally: next to each listed code number corresponding to a specific geographic area. Exact names and addresses of objects are contained in the “Encyclopedia of the bombing,” which is still classified”, – stated in the article.
In the list 800 pages, it’s called “the Study of necessary conditions for nuclear weapons in 1959″. The document was prepared by Strategic air command in 1956. It is a forecast about what can and should be hit during the war, if it starts in 1959.
According to Matthew Mackenzie (Natural Resources defence Council), while the U.S. nuclear Arsenal is 10 times higher than the Soviet.
“The strategy of deterrence, even today, is a threat to destroy a major city of the enemy”, said McKinsey.
According to the historian Alex Wellerstein, while U.S. strategists sought to encircle the Soviet bomber bases. In case of war, American planes had to head for the largest city of the USSR, bombing along the road all the purposes indicated in the lists.
Priority category goals list, the strength of the air force, the second most important industrial infrastructure.
“The goals category room 275 causes chilling horror – it’s called simply “the Population”, – the journalist writes.
The newspaper also notes, “the Attacks on civilians were often seen as a way to demoralize the enemy, to provoke rebellion or capitulation – that is theoretically closer to the end of the war. Therefore, massive bomb attacks on civilians are sometimes tried to be justified by considerations of humanity, even after the “fire bombing” of Tokyo and Dresden, as well as the use of atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki“.