Archaeologists made a discovery and learned about the similarities between the pyramid of Kukulkan in the ancient Mayan city in Mexico, with a Russian nesting doll
Archaeologists have discovered another structure inside the famous pyramid of Kukulkan in the ancient Mayan city of Chichen Itza in Mexico. The find is a pyramid of smaller size is just 10 meters, which was built approximately between 500-800 years BC, reports the BBC.
This discovery suggests that the very of Kukulkan was built in three stages. First came the smallest pyramid. In 30 years inside Kukulkan was discovered a pyramid with a height of about 20 meters, which is dated to the years 800-1000 ad. The aged appearance of the pyramid, according to scientists, dates back to the years 1050-1300 ad.
As reports Fox News, the researchers compared the structure of the pyramid with a Russian matryoshka. “It’s like a Russian doll. Inside the large dolls are the other,” explained researcher Rene Chavez of Porto Seguro.
According to archaeologists, the smallest of the discovered today pyramids were found using non-invasive scanning techniques. In particular, the researchers used three-dimensional electrical resistivity tomography, by which, under the pyramid, found an underground lake.
Within the smallest pyramid, the scientists saw the stairs and the altar. At the same time they do not exclude that inside of it may later be other still smaller buildings, celebrates Mexican portal Terra.
A new discovery may shed light on the original Mayan culture – the time when this civilization has not had a strong influence other States in Central Mexico.
“If we can explore this structure, it can be significant, so will help to judge about the first inhabitants of this place,” said archaeologist Denis Argote (quoted by International Business Times).
The city of Chichen Itza is the political and cultural center of the ancient civilization of the Maya in the North of the Yucatan Peninsula – was founded, as scientists assume, in the VII century. After about 300 years, Chichen Itza was captured by the Toltecs, and from the middle of XI century, the city became the capital of their state. By the time of the Spanish conquest, Chichen Itza was a ruin.
This site has been excavated, which were opened a large architectural monuments of the Maya – Toltec: the temple of KUKULCAN – nine-a pyramid with a height of 24 meters with wide staircases on each side; “Temple of warriors” in the low four-stage pyramid, the “Temple of the jaguars” and others.
According to historians, the Mayans were able to build the pyramids for a variety of reasons, including the desire to stop the decline of the trade routes with the help of worship or to honor the new ruler. The “dolls” among Mayan pyramids – not necessarily an exception: archaeologists recently discovered that the Great pyramid in Cocula that in Central Mexico, is also a kind of giant matryoshka, consisting of at least six parts, put one on another, notes the BBC Russian service.
The heyday of the Maya occurred in the period from 250 to 800 ad when they controlled the territory from modern-day Honduras to Central Mexico. However, this ethnicity has not disappeared and coexisted with the Aztecs in later centuries and has survived the colonial era. The number of speakers of languages descended from a dialect of the ancient Maya at the beginning of the XXI century is around five million people.