Award “For freedom of thought” Andrei Sakharov in 2016 was awarded to two Iraqi women human rights defenders, visited the imprisoned militants of the terrorist group “Islamic state” (ISIS, ISIL, DAISH, banned in Russia). Winners were Nadia Murad basi Taha and Lamia, Haji Bashar, defending the rights of Yezidis and help women and children affected by the actions of militants, reported on the website of the European Parliament.

Belgian politician guy Verhofstadt, who heads a faction of the Alliance of liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) in the European Parliament, described the winners as “inspirational women who have shown incredible bravery and humanity of the face of heinous cruelty”. “I am proud that they were awarded in 2016 of the Sakharov prize”, Verhofstadt was quoted by the BBC.

Nadia Murad and Lamia, Haji Bashar has been captured in August 2014 in the North-West of Iraq, among other Yazidi girls and women.

Yazidis – a Kurdish ethno-religious group, which was destroyed by Islamists. In August 2014, after militants captured the town of Sinjar in Northern Iraq, tens of thousands of Yazidis were forced to flee their homes.

Lamia Bashar during his escape from captivity lost an eye

Bashar at the time of the abduction was only 16 years old. She escaped from captivity in April 2016, having been in bondage to 20 months.

She made four unsuccessful escape attempts before she managed to leave the territory controlled by ISIS. Bashar fled with eight-year-old Almas and 20-year-old Katerina, but her companion struck a mine and was killed. Lamia survived the explosion but were seriously injured. Girl lost her right eye.

In the end, Bashar managed to reach Northern Iraq controlled by Kurdish armed groups and reunited with his family.

In captivity she was beaten and repeatedly raped. The first host – military – sold the Lamia the manufacturer of the explosive devices, which needed a helper for the production of bombs and suicide vests. New “slave owner” also gets the girl, and when she bore him, sold the Lamia, the head doctor of the hospital. The medic is also tormented slave, but after a year of hardships the girl managed to secretly get in touch with their relatives. They were able to pay 800 dollars to smugglers to organize the escape and smuggled Bashar in Kurdistan.

Lamia said he did not regret his actions. “Even if I lost both eyes, then it would be worth it,” said she.

Nadia Murad lost six brothers and mother

Murad was kidnapped from her home in the village of Qocho near the town of Sinjar and taken to Mosul, where she was tortured and raped. In November 2014, she managed to escape, but she lost her six brothers and mother. Terrorists killed more than 80 men, including her brothers, and took captive the women and girls out of 150 families.

“When terrorists came to my village, they killed children, old men and young men. The next day, they killed old women and took young girls, including me, to Mosul. In Mosul I saw thousands of Yazidi women who were taken slave owners”, – told Murad at public lectures at Cairo University.

“A huge igrovets wanted to take me. I begged to get me another man who was smaller. Later it turned out that he was the worst kind of people I have ever seen. He made me and the other prisoners to beg, and then raped us,” said Nadia Murad.

After escaping Murad became a well-known human rights activist, defending the rights of Yezidis. In December 2015 she spoke at a meeting of the UN Security Council on trafficking in persons, and in October 2016 became the laureate of human rights prize the václav Havel, reports TASS.

The UN Commission on investigation of events in Syria in January 2016, acknowledged the actions of ISIS against Yezidis in Syria and Iraq, genocide including murder, sexual and conventional slavery, torture and other crimes with the aim of complete destruction and deprivation of their identity. Girls openly sold in the markets of slaves in the “Islamic state”, whereas many boys and men are shot.

According to human rights activists, Amnesty International, the militants held in captivity for about three thousand women and girls as sex slaves, predominantly from the Yazidi and the international community has taken visible measures to rescue them from captivity.

Among the candidates for the Sakharov prize this year was the representative of the Crimean Tatars Mustafa Dzhemilev and Turkish journalist of the opposition can Dundar – living in exile chief editor of the opposition newspaper Cumhuriyet, was sentenced at home to nearly six years prison for “revealing state secrets”.

The award is in memory of the Creator of the hydrogen bomb, and later the Soviet and Russian human rights activist, academician Andrei Sakharov, was established in 1988. The European Parliament awarded her separate people or teams who are fighting to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. The first Sakharov prize was awarded to former South African President Nelson Mandela posthumously – Soviet dissident Anatoly Marchenko. The remuneration of winners is 50 thousand euros.

In 2015 the winner was the Saudi blogger Raif Badawi, who is in prison for “insulting Islam”.



Award “For freedom of thought” Andrei Sakharov is awarded in Strasbourg two Iraqi ezecom – former captives of ISIS 27.10.2016

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