November 4, the Catholic bishops of Northern and southern Sudan on a United conference of Catholic bishops, which is held annually in Juba in an official statement called for forgiveness in the name of the population of North and South Sudan, which continues to die in interstate and internal armed conflicts.
The latest conflict occurred in July 2016. Then, as a result of the clashes at the presidential Palace in Juba, has killed more than 270 people.
November 8, 2016 on the statement of the Sudanese bishops told the British newspaper The Catholic Herald. “If we don’t forgive each other and reconcile our troubles will not leave us”, – stated in it. Recalling that the current 2016 the Pope officially declared the Year of charity, and the Catholic feast of Christ the King, which will be held on November 20th, and noting that “mercy is inseparable from justice and mission,” the bishops, however, admitted that the famine, instability, insecurity, mass migration and economic difficulties continued to depress the local population.
Catholic priests urged Church officials in South Sudan don’t lose hope, despite the difficulties they encountered in the service affected by violence people. “We, the members of the conference are convinced that, in spite of the disastrous situation in South Sudan, we can’t lose hope – one of the gifts of the Holy spirit,” – said in a statement.
Since the mid-1950s years in the Sudan were two civil wars between the Arab Muslims of the North and South non-Arab peoples of the Christian religion. The first (1955-1972) in the southern, Christian part of the country was proclaimed autonomy, the second (1983-2005) in accordance with the Naivasha agreement began the process of the final release of South Sudan from the composition before United Sudan. Both wars were accompanied by acts of genocide, mass killings and expulsions of the civilian population. Evaluation of the U.S. Committee for refugees and immigrants, 2001, the victims of the hostilities, famine and epidemics were about two million people, four million have become refugees. Such losses among the civilian population at that time was one of the highest among military conflicts after the Second world war.
July 9, 2011 was signed the Declaration of independence of South Sudan. In November 2011, according to the message on the website of “Siberian Catholic newspaper”, at the next conference of the Catholic bishops of the Sudan, the clergy stated that, despite the separation of North and South Sudan, the conference will retain its unity.
The citizens of both countries continue to die so far in individual military conflicts, both inter-state and internal inter-ethnic in South Sudan, which began from Dec 2013 in the South Sudanese capital Juba after President Salva Kiir accused Vice-President Rijeka Mascara in the coup attempt.
Today, 95% of the population of Northern Sudan – Muslims (the Christians in the country only 1%). In South Sudan, by contrast, the majority of the population (60.5 per cent) Christian minority (6.2 percent) is Muslim.