Russia is entering a very unfavorable period the changing age structure of the population, said during the social forum of RSPP Director of the Institute of demography HSE Anatoly Vishnevsky.
Writes Finanz.ruaccording to experts, in the country for many years growing number of working-age population and its share in the total mass, but now the country is entering a phase of sharp decline and shares, and the number of such citizens.
The result will be a huge increase in workload per worker, the expert warns. If now 100 employees account for approximately 50 disabled citizens, to the beginning of 2020-ies, this figure will rise to 75, and by 2030 will exceed 90.
This means that the latter will have to contain a much larger number of dependents, and health and education will receive additional load.
As for the growth of life expectancy (from 67 to 72 years in average in the country), while Russia is only returned to the levels seen in the 60-ies and 80-ies. If we consider the data without mortality in early ages, the picture is quite different: life expectancy in men less than 60 years.
In recent years, Russia increased the number of births, and the government attributed the merit to himself and to the policy pursued, but it was the principle of “more parents, more children,” said Wisniewski.
Population growth in recent years was connected mainly with the inflow of migrants, recalled Wisniewski. Since the early 90-ies in Russia came to about 9 million people, without them, the country would have lost in numbers 13 million people.
Now, however, the resource of the return of the Russians from the CIS Home exhausted. Russia will need even more migrants from neighbouring countries “hundreds of thousands a year.” However, it is unclear whether by this the Russians themselves.