In Russia there is a hype around the topic of HIV. According to German newspaper Die Welt, “on the eve of the world day of fight against AIDS (celebrated December 1 – Approx. NEWSru.com) in the reports on Russian state television was told about an unusual service: during the week the Russians were able to test for HIV in hospitals, at railway stations and shopping centers.”
Does not remain aloof and politics. So, the Foundation Svetlana Medvedeva, spouse of the Prime Minister, together with the government initiated action against HIV.
“However, the state TV trying to appease the audience with positive news: medications for treating HIV have become cheaper, more infected women give birth to healthy children. In fact, the hype around this topic shows that the situation in Russia has taken a threatening turn,” the article says, the translation of which publishes InoPressa.
After years of ignoring the problem of HIV/AIDS the Russian authorities were in a position where it is time to sound the alarm. According to the author of the article, last year in Russia were registered and 95 thousand new cases of infection. The virus is spreading virtually unchecked.
“New HIV infections in 2015, Russia occupied the third place in the world in absolute terms,” said Vinay Saldanha, regional Director for Eastern Europe and Central Asia of the UN programme UNAIDS.
This year the situation has not improved. From January to November in Russia was 1.9% more cases of new HIV infection in comparison with last year, Die Welt reported.
Without HIV Russia is waiting for the fate of Africa
Today in Russia, officially registered about 854 thousand HIV – unofficial figures may be higher. The head of the Federal scientific and methodological center for prevention and fight against AIDS Vadim Pokrovsky comes from the fact that in Russia living with HIV from 1.3 to 1.4 million people.
According to authoritative experts, the country is in transition to a “generalized epidemic” – when HIV infected more than 1% of the population. In 15 Russian regions have already passed and this threshold: there are infected over 1% of pregnant women. Lead a terrible rating Yekaterinburg, Irkutsk, Kemerovo and Samara.
“Today, the virus spreads rapidly, even outside the traditional risk groups – drug addicts, prostitutes and homosexuals,” the article says. “If we don’t start to fight with HIV, five years later, we catch up with Africa,” predicts Basil.
As writes the author of the publication, UNAIDS recommended that governments of all countries to generate 25% of all funds allocated to the fight against AIDS, preventive measures – in Russia, the recommendations are not heeded. In the country are not popular programmes to prevent HIV/AIDS that are proven worldwide. The drug “methadone” is prohibited as a substitution treatment, distribution of clean needles and condoms to drug addicts does not find public support.
Moreover, some non-governmental organizations, independently engaged in such activities, be under pressure. For example, working with drug addicts Fund Andrew Rylkov receiving funds from the global Fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, was branded as “foreign agent”.
The Russian authorities are trying to reduce the cost of treatment. In recent years purchased cheaper analogues of medicines which are produced in Russia. Thus more people supposedly have access to treatment. However, experts point to the increase in the number of side effects of cheap generics. In this regard, there are fears that more people will refuse treatment.
World day against AIDS is celebrated on December 1 annually, in accordance with the decision of the world health organization (who) and the UN General Assembly adopted in 1988. The rally is expected to attract the attention of people, informing and mobilizing the society in order to counter this health phenomenon that has taken epidemic proportions.
According to estimates of the joint UN programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the number of people living with HIV in the world, is about 40 million people, almost half of them (17.1 per million people) do not know about their HIV status, and about 22 million, including 1.8 million children, have no access to treatment. Thanks to the efforts of the international community, the number of new HIV infections in the world in 2014 decreased 35% compared to 2000.
In the Russian Federation the epidemiological situation on HIV infection remains tense, there is a generalization of the epidemic, the infection of the vulnerable risk groups to the General population, HIV each year infected tens of thousands of people, including young people, reports the website of Rospotrebnadzor.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Russia celebrates 30-year anniversary, recalled at a press conference on November 28, the Chairman of the coordination Council of the all-Russian public organization “Association of people living with HIV” Volodymyr manovskii. The first case was registered in 1987. Today, according to Rospotrebnadzor, in Russia more than one million cases of infection, 260 thousand carriers of the virus have already died, says DW.
Until recently, the infection has spread mainly among injecting drug users. This mode of transmission still remains the main. “Russia is the only country where cases of infection during injecting drug use accounted for about 50% of the total number, says the head of the Federal scientific and methodological center for prevention and control of AIDS, academician Vadim Pokrovsky. – The rest of the country learned to deal with it”.