Died Fidel Castro leader of the Cuban revolution who led Cuba from 1959 to 2008. He was 90 years old. On the death, Castro said in the air of the Cuban television, the country’s President, his brother Raul Castro in which Cuba took a course of rapprochement with the United States.
Raul Castro, as noted by the AP, “a trembling voice” announced that his brother died at 22:29 local time. It is expected that the body of Fidel will be in accordance with his last will to be cremated on Saturday. The date of funeral will be announced later.
Fidel Castro came to power through revolution in 1959, and over the next 49 years, ruled Cuba with an iron fist, turning the island into a symbol of resistance to the United States and becoming one of the Central figures of the cold war.
Its activity is associated and one of the most intense episodes of the Soviet-American confrontation – the Cuban missile crisis in October 1962. Then the voltage has reached an unprecedented intensity, after the United States placed nuclear weapons in Turkey in 1961, the USSR secretly transferred and posted in Cuba of Soviet troops and weapons, including nuclear weapons. It is believed that in this moment the world was closest to nuclear war.
During his reign survived many assassination attempts Castro “spent” from the post nine American presidents. He turned to Cuba, which before it was a resort for rich Americans, in the one-party Communist state with free education and health care and gradually with aging because of the sanctions infrastructure of Soviet times.
As noted by Reuters, after the transfer of power to his younger brother Raul, Fidel Vela is close to the reclusive life, occasionally publishing articles in the Cuban press. The Agency does not expect that his death will provoke a crisis in Cuba.
The BBC recalls the last public appearance of Fidel: in April of this year he addressed the delegates at the Congress of the Communist party of Cuba. Then he stated that soon his turn comes and he never imagined that he will live to 90 years.
Born in 1926, Castro twice tried to overthrow the regime of Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. In 1953 after the attack on the military barracks Fidel was arrested and sentenced to 15 years in prison, but two years later released under the Amnesty. The following year he organized in Mexico guerrilla group and with his associates, among whom was the legendary revolutionary Ernesto Che Guevara, landed in Cuba, began a guerrilla war against Batista. January 1, 1959, the guerrillas took Havana, opening a new Chapter in the history of Cuba.