The Paris climate agreement came into force on Friday, November 4th. This happened 30 days after the document was ratified by 55 countries accounting for at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
Date of entry into force announced a month ago, UN Secretary-General ban Ki-moon, reported the website of the organization. Secretary of the United Nations on climate change, Patricia Espinosa called the adopted documents. In her words, it “lays the Foundation for another world,” reports DW.
A global agreement on climate change was adopted in December 2015 in Paris. Officials from 195 countries have agreed to reduce emissions to hold the increase in air temperature on the planet before the end of this century to two degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels.
Ideally, the average temperature increase should not exceed half a degree. According to scientists, this will avoid climate change, which are likely to become catastrophic and irreversible, writes The Guardian.
The Paris agreement should replace the Kyoto Protocol, the validity of which will expire in 2020. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, the Paris agreement provides that the obligations on reduction of harmful emissions into the atmosphere take on all States irrespective of their degree of economic development. The document does not provide quantitative commitments for reducing or limiting CO2 emissions so that each country gets to determine its own policy in this area.
As reported to journalists the official representative of the UN Secretary General Stefan Dyuzharrik, to date, the agreement ratified by 96 States, reports TASS. According to him, in recent days, the necessary documents have made Denmark, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia and South Africa. An important step to overcoming the second threshold was the simultaneous ratification of the agreement by China and the United States.
Russia signed the Paris agreement, but not yet ratified, in connection with the necessity of making national documents on transition to energy-saving technologies and the introduction of relevant amendments to existing legislation.
Earlier, the Minister of natural resources Sergey Donskoy noted that the signing of the Paris agreement on greenhouse gases will push Russian companies to modernise production and use of more environmentally friendly equipment. He also said that, despite the lack of quantitative commitments in the agreement, Russia pledged to reduce emissions in 2030 by 30% from 1990 levels, writes “Rossiyskaya Gazeta”. In June, the adviser to the Russian President Alexander Bedritsky said in an interview with TASS that Russia would join the Paris agreement not before 2019-2020.
On the eve of accession to the Paris agreement in force, the United Nations said about the need to tighten its rules. In order to fulfill the assumed obligations, the parties to the Treaty must reduce greenhouse gas emissions by a quarter more than the promised, stated in a Thursday report , the UN environment programme (UNEP).
“In 2030, the expected emissions will reach 54 to 56 gigatons in carbon dioxide equivalent, which is significantly above the level 42 of GT, which is essential to creating opportunities to limit global warming this century to 2″, – stated in a press release. According to calculations by the UNEP, even if all the requirements of the Paris agreement and the confirmation of predictions about the level of emissions that should be achieved by 2030, at the end of the century, the overall temperature will increase by 2.9-3.4 degrees Celsius.