In Finland by lot chose the first participants in the experiment for obtaining a basic income is an unconditional payment, which will replace the unemployment benefit, but will be paid even working people. This is with reference to the data of Kela pension administration reports Yle.
It is assumed that only the experiment will involve 175 thousand people aged 25-58 years, received unemployment benefits in November 2016. On the eve of Kela by lot chose 2000 people, which for two years will receive € 560 per month – by the standards of Finland with an average salary of more than 3000 euros is a modest amount.
Basic income does not affect other social benefits. However, those who would receive a basic income within two years will not receive unemployment benefits. 560 euros is the average size of the unemployment benefit after tax.
Thus, in the experiment, the level of income of the unemployed will remain almost unchanged. The purpose of the experiment is to find out whether encourages additional income of 560 euros to take a job, including low paid. The difference compared with the unemployment benefits that found work retains a basic income. And in the case of unemployment benefits it needs to consider that, get a job, lose it. This leads to the fact that the unemployed do not wish to accept offers of temporary work, losing the right to benefits.
Under the terms of the experiment, the payment of basic income is terminated if the member will receive benefits for the care of children at home, moving abroad or to serve in the army.
Participation in the experiment is required, notes Yle. It starts in the beginning of next year.
In early June, the Swiss citizens in a referendum voted against the introduction of payments of the guaranteed income of 2.6 million dollars per month.
The concept of the unconditional (base) of income comes from the fact that all adult citizens receive the same basic amount instead of social benefits, regardless of employment and economic situation. Partial introduction of this model implies that in addition to, if necessary, may be paid social security benefits. Among modern economists advocate a guaranteed income as a replacement of social benefits is Milton Friedman, the Creator of the theory of market capitalism.