A memorial plaque to the founders of the worst camps in the USSR, installed at the entrance to the women’s correctional N31 in the city of Mikun in the Komi Republic, and caused the indignation of human rights activists and many citizens, dismantled on October 28, declared the press-service of regional government of Federal service of execution of punishments to journalists on 10 November.
The decision to dismantle was made in response to a public response, said the portal “Comeonline” in a press-service UFSIN. The decision to install it in the area adjacent to the IR-31, adopted by the colony administration. The initiative is motivated by the desire to identify the origins of the emergence of the correctional institution, to fix the first mention of him, said the Agency.
“Today, the question about installing another memorial plaque by the administration of IK-31 is not considered”, – said the press service.
On the appearance of a Board with words of gratitude and respect for the founders and employees of a colony established on 16 August 1937, the General public became known on 26 October, when the lawyer of the Fund “Public verdict” Ernest Mezak has published online images of the plate.
According to UFSIN, the tablet was inaugurated on the 16th of August, when the IR-31 celebrated the 79th birthday of the colony, dedicated to the anniversary of the release of the order of people’s Commissar of the NKVD Nikolai Yezhov on the establishment of forestry Ust-Vym camp with the base of the dislocation in the village Vozhael ‘ in Komi-Zyryan region, composed of the division “Vodorazdela-Mekaniska”. It called the last political Gulag special camp that is open during the life of Joseph Stalin, says “Echo of Moscow”.
That day in IK-31 have arranged a holiday. Built by convicts read out the order of Yezhov, and then held a beauty contest “Miss IR-31,” and “the most solemn moment was the opening at the entrance to the colony commemorative plaque”, the report says the FPS is about the celebration.
The appearance of this memorial plaque has caused outrage in the human rights community. The head of the Council on human rights under the President of Russia (HRC) Mikhail Fedotov declared intention to deal with this story. “These tragic pages should remain in our history as the memory of the victims, not the executioners,” he said on the air of”Echo”, Recalling that on 15 August 2015 the Russian government has approved the proposed HRC concept of perpetuating of memory of victims of political repressions.
Meanwhile, along with a barrage of angry comments for this reason there were those who suggested not to consider all members of the colony “polls butchers and bloody maniacs.”
By order of the NKVD of the USSR N078 of August 16, 1937 was established Westvillag with the base of the dislocation in the village Vozhael’, which became a division Vodorazdela-Mekaniska. On-station Watershed was pokemondeluge N19 (camp inmates).
The camp was considered a place of detention with some of the most harsh conditions in the Soviet Union. Journalists reminded that in Westvillage detained the wife of Mikhail Kalinin Ekaterina Lorberg, writer Lev Razgon.
After the war in 1948 on the territory Mikuni organized a special camp Watershed, which is responsible for the logging, woodworking and the construction of standard houses.
Soon after Stalin’s death in 1954, the camp of the Watershed has been eliminated, and for the construction of a railway Mikun – Koslan created Koslanskaya forced labor camp (Institution KL-400), which included the 1st Department of correctional labour camps (OITK-1).
Mekaniske branch of the N1 consisted of two camp: the first construction (heavy type mode) and the second forest (overall view mode). In 1997, on the basis of the Control CL-400 was established forestry Establishment of M-222, which comprises three control: Koslanskaya, Pechora and Ust-Vym with the location in the city of Mikun. In 2005, the Establishment of M-222/1 renamed in the IR N31.
In addition to the women’s colony in Mikun is a common cell-type facility – a prison for the worst offenders of the regime and the criminal authorities. It contained the Ukrainian Gennady Afanasyev, who in 2014 was sentenced to seven years imprisonment for preparing terrorist acts in Crimea and issued by Ukraine as a result of the exchange of prisoners in the summer of 2016.