Employees of the Polish Museum, set up in former Nazi concentration camp Sobibor, reported the attempted desecration of the memory of the Jews killed in this place during the Second world war. Unknown criminals were earthworks on the site of mass graves. It is assumed that they were looking for precious metals.
On the traces of the excavations of the Museum staff came across after I decided to expand the Museum’s exhibition through research on the so-called N3 of the camp in Sobibor. However, in the beginning of the research it became clear that someone was ahead of the archaeologists, writes The Daily Mail with reference to a source in the Museum.
In the place where previously was located the complex of rooms with the gas chamber, Museum workers discovered a large number of pits. Their irregular shape was suggested that earthworks were not archaeologists.
“We don’t know who did it. But we assume that they were looking for gold and other metals”, – explained in the Museum.
Let us add that the Nazis during the mass destruction of people was given instructions to carefully sort the personal belongings of the victims, as well as to inspect the corpses in search for gold dental crowns and other jewels. However, some valuable things still fell into graves along with the dead. In particular, during archaeological excavations on the grounds of Sobibor managed to find some silver-plated dentures.
This is not the first case when vandals covered by “gold fever”, and defile the graves of victims of the Holocaust, says the historian Jan gross, the author of the scandalous book “the Golden harvest”. According to him, immediately after the war something similar happened in Treblinka, and the “Jewish gold” in the land sought not only poles, but also representatives of law enforcement agencies. In proof of this historian has published a photo, which depicts a group of villagers and people in uniforms with guns. In the foreground in front of them lined with human bones and skulls.
The British newspaper even writes on this basis, in search of gold could participate Russian soldiers. However, this attribution of the photo is questionable. For example, in an article posted on the website “learning from history”, the assumption is made that in the photo there are policemen involved in “cleaning up” the former concentration camp.
However, in the memoirs of Soviet soldiers there was evidence of a similar looting, accompanied by the desecration of graves. I wrote about this in his book, published on the website “Military literature”, who was in German captivity officer Boris Sokolov.
Falcons after his release from prison saw with my own eyes, as the soldiers in Germany under the guidance of the officer was taken to Russia marble crosses under the pretext of installing “on the grave of the General’s mother”.
Gross also refers to “the chronicler of the Disaster” Rachel Auerbach. She visited Treblinka in November 1945 as part of the official delegation to investigate the crimes of the Nazis. Rachel drew attention to the large number of pits left by unknown diggers. There were also scattered on the surface of the earth bones, who wasn’t interested in jewel-hunters.
We will add that in Treblinka from July 1942 to October 1943 killed up to 900 thousand Jews and two thousand Gypsies. Polish concentration camps, only Auschwitz became a place of destruction of more Jews.
Further evidence of looting, in which you can even see signs of anti-Semitism, were the photographs of Jewish tombstones, which the poles used for construction of shed, toilet or paving roads. Some of these tombstones date back to XVIII century, but in the secondary use they appeared relatively recently, after the Second world war.
In Warsaw near the Vistula river were found Jewish tombstones that were used, as expected, at the end of the Second world war to strengthen the banks. Earlier, the local Jewish cemetery had 400 thousand graves, but now their number was reduced to less than three thousand.
Let’s add that the topics related to the responsibility of poles for the persecution of Jews during the Second world war and after it, are perceived very painfully in Poland. Currently Jan gross face criminal punishment for that about a month ago, he made another controversial statement. According to the historian, the poles killed even more Jews than the Germans.
The uprising in Sobibor
The concentration camp Sobibor, where he revealed new cases of looting, was established in March-April 1942, when the Nazis began the “final solution of the Jewish question”. The camp lasted until October 1943. A year and a half there have been destroyed up to 300 thousand men, women and children. Sobibor was the only camp where there was a major successful uprising of the prisoners.
The riot began on 14 October 1943, and it was directed by tech-quartermaster II rank Alexander Pechersky, who was captured by the Germans in the encirclement at Vyazma. When it comes to caves in the camp there existed a Jewish underground organization, but its members lacked military experience.
Lieutenant Pechersky proposed to abandon the idea of solitary shoots, to revolt and flee together, as the remaining Nazis will kill in any case, the newspaper “Arguments and facts”.
On the appointed day, October 14, 1943, guards in the camp one by one began to lure in workshops under the pretext of like fitting uniform. There they were strangled or killed by blows of a hatchet.
When the guards still raised the alarm, the prisoners under machine-gun fire broke down the door and escaped to freedom. From the camp ran more than 300 people, but about 170 of them the Germans during the raids found and killed. Some runaways were punished anti-Semites among the poles. The rest of the Jews, the slaves of the caves, were able to reach the territory of Belarus.
Among the most famous in USSR hero of the war, Alexander Pechersky and was not included. And from awards he had only the medal “For victory over Germany” and “For military merit”. In the Soviet Union was not accepted to focus attention on the exploits of the Jews during the war. In addition, the dissemination of information about the uprising in Sobibor was hampered by political considerations: the history of Jewish resistance was honored at the state level in Israel, with whom the USSR had a strained relationship.