Emergency situation, which occurred when landing on Mars landing module Schiaparelli (“list”) of the Russian-European project “ExoMars-2016″, is not turned to his loss, reports the website of the European space Agency (ESA). Data from sensors installed on the module received and are currently being analyzed, says ESA.
“The data is partially analyzed and confirm that the input (the module in the atmosphere of Mars) and a descent (to the planet’s surface) were conducted in accordance with the plans. An emergency situation has arisen after the release of the heat shield and parachute. Apparently, it happened sooner than expected, but the analysis is not yet complete”, – stated in the message.
It also notes that brake motors, probably passed out ahead of time. The altitude at which it happened, “yet to determine”.
The review of the data received by the module, should help to establish causes of all these failures and subsequent hard landing on Mars, said the Director for manned space flights and robotic ESA David Parker. “We have data coming from “Schiaparelli” that allow you to understand what happened and why a soft landing did not take place”, – said the scientist.
According to the ESA, despite the emergency situation, the module is ready to work. “After yesterday’s events we have an impressive Martian orbital module, ready to research activities”, – said Director General of ESA, Johann-Dietrich wörner.
Recall that the lander “Schiaparelli” landed on the Mars yesterday, October 19. At first it was reported that at the time of the landing module from him stopped coming signal. Later, ESA reported that the signal from the module arrives, but no telemetry data.
According to”Interfax”, the module entered the Martian atmosphere at an altitude of about 122,5 km at a speed of nearly 21,000 km/h. the Parachute opened at an altitude of about 11 km at a speed of about 1650 km/h.
A source in the rocket and space industry told the Agency that the lack of telemetry may indicate damage to the device.
In turn, head of terrestrial research facilities of the space research Institute of RAS Vladimir Nazarov confirmed the landing module to Mars and said that his condition is still not identified.
Later the website of Roscosmos said that “if “Schiaparelli” made “soft” landing, in accordance with the program “battery should maintain three to ten days.” During this period, according to the Agency, still has a chance to communicate with the lander.
The program “ExoMars-2016″ is a joint project of the European space Agency and Roscosmos. Its main purpose is to answer the question whether there was ever life on Mars. Hence the prefix “Exo-” in the name of the program: exobiology happens to be, or astrobiology, the study of the origin evolution and distribution of life on other planets in the Universe.
“ExoMars-2016″ includes two missions. The first was launched on 14 March, 2016 launching from the Baikonur cosmodrome carrier rocket “proton-M” spacecraft within the orbital module TGO (Trace Gas Orbiter) and a demonstration of the descent module Schiaparelli.
Module TGO will search for traces of methane and other gases in the atmosphere of Mars, which could indicate active biological and geological processes on the planet. In turn Schiaparelli test a number of technologies that provide a controlled descent and landing on Mars.
Module Schiaparelli, named after the Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli to work out a scheme of planting for the second part of the Russian-European program, scheduled for 2020. In the framework of the Mars will go a Russian landing platform and the new European Mars Rover.
At this stage the key task will be drilling and analysis of Martian soil. According to one hypothesis, at a depth of several meters could remain traces of organic life. In this module, the TGO is planned to be used until 2022 for transmitting signals from the European Rover to the Ground.