In the list of UNESCO world cultural heritage listed “mrgvlovani”, “nuskhuri” and “mkhedruli” – three Georgian literature
All three forms of the Georgian alphabet – mrgvlovani, nuskhuri and modern mkhedruli – included in the List of intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO.
The decision on introducing “Live cultures of three species of Georgian alphabet” in the list of UNESCO adopted in the ongoing in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on the 11th session of the intergovernmental Committee for the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO.
At that session, the Committee of UNESCO “endorsed by Georgia nomination” and decided that “it meets all the criteria laid down in the Convention of intangible cultural heritage”. This award was presented for the consideration of UNESCO in 2015 “to underline the harmonious coexistence in contemporary reality three kinds of alphabet (mrgvlovani, nuskhuri and mkhedruli), created as a result of the systemic evolution of the Georgian writing”.
All the above three types of Georgian literature in Georgia has the status of a monument of intangible cultural heritage of the country and the national monument category.
The Georgian alphabet is one of the most ancient alphabets in the world, notes TASS. She passed three stages of development: in the III century BC was created the first Georgian alphabet mrgvlovani, or otherwise, asomtavruli, in the IX century BC alphabet, nuskhuri, and in the XI century BC. e. the Georgian alphabet once again, now in the past, was replaced by a mkhedruli script. Mkhedruli was the most perfect among all the other types of Georgian literature, it has acquired its definitive shape in the fifteenth century B. C. the Current Georgian alphabet consists of 33 letters – 5 vowels and 28 consonants.
Earlier in the list of intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO was submitted to the Georgian polyphonic singing (2001) and Georgian traditional wine-making method in large clay jug – Kvevri (in 2013).
As reported, the Georgian foreign Ministry, “from the day of submitting the nomination to UNESCO of the foreign Ministry of Georgia and accredited by the overseas diplomatic missions of the country held a special thematic exhibitions, actively worked to popularize the theme and had won the support of this nomination from the relevant States.”
In the session in Addis Ababa was attended by the Georgian delegation, which included the country’s Ambassador to France and UNESCO, Catherine Siradze-Delaunay, the Director of the Agency of cultural heritage protection of the Ministry of culture of Georgia Nika Antidze, the General Secretary of the National Commission of Georgia for UNESCO, Ketevan Kandelaki, the experts.
The President of Georgia Giorgi Margvelashvili has congratulated the country “with international recognition of the Georgian alphabet”. In a statement released in Tbilisi his statement, he said: “I Congratulate the people of Georgia with the introduction of all three types of our writing list of the intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO. Our mission is the continuation of our ancestors who cherished the Georgian alphabet and transmitted it from generation to generation.”