American scientists from NASA are going to conduct another experiment to simulate life on Mars, which aims to facilitate a trip to the red planet in 2030. For 365 days, six volunteers will live in complete isolation on the slopes of a dormant volcano Mauna Loa in the Hawaiian Islands, and the experiment will start in 10 days, reports TASS with reference to NASA. In addition, experts have begun testing a powerful engine that may deliver people to Mars.
This will be the fourth experiment, which will hold American scientists trying to study the difficulties that may be encountered by the members of the group of space travellers. Starting in 2013 we had three groups that lived in conditions as close to the Martian. The first two groups of scientists lived on the side of a volcano for four months, and the third eight months.
For the experiment from all over the world were selected six volunteers – three men and three women under the age of 30 years. The crew chief was the American Carmel Johnson, dealing with the problems of soil science and ecology in Montana. Along with her will to live young scientists from the US and Europe: a physicist, engineer, biologist, physician and architect. Their voluntary confinement lasting a year will begin on August 28.
“The longer each mission becomes, the better we understand what are the risks of space travel,” said Kim Binsted, scientific Director of the project, jointly developed by NASA and the University of Hawaii, reports Hawaii News Now.
We will continue to study health and psychological problems that you could encounter in the future, the crew of a space ship flying to Mars. For the participants of the experiment will be monitored by the specialists with the help of cameras and sensors on their bodies. Go outside they will only be able in space suits.
However, NASA is engaged not only in training of human resources. In the laboratory, researchers have launched a new powerful engine that may be installed on a space ship flying to Mars. As reported on the website of NASA, the engine 12 million horsepower.
The engine of the RS-25 was tested at Stennis Space center in Mississippi. In worked for nine minutes, using about nine pools of fuel. “This is the most complex rocket engine on the market, it as the Ferrari among rocket engines, explains NASA engineer Katherine Crowe.
NASA plans to implement the mission of the manned mission to Mars by 2030. We will add that in Russia are going to go to the red planet. In 2011, the Deputy head of the Federal space Agency Vitaly Davydov during the demonstration of the simulation output on the Martian surface has statedthat in 20 years it will be possible to go to Mars from the new Vostochny space centre.