In Yekaterinburg, declared HIV – reported by the portal Ura.ru with reference to the first Deputy head of the city health Department Tatyana Savinov. She stated that the city has long gone in a generalized – higher – stage of infection. This means that HIV is firmly entrenched among the population and its distribution does not depend on risk.
According to Savinova in the capital of the Urals HIV infected every 50th resident of the city: “we Have a rate of infection – 1826 people per 100 thousand, that 1.8% of the population of the city.” According to her, in Yekaterinburg was 26693 case of HIV infection, but as noted the Deputy chief of the city Department of health, it is only those cases which are officially known, the real incidence is higher. Only in Ekaterinburg there are 774 child with HIV, the diagnosis is confirmed at 342 people (such a large gap is explained by the fact that in case of suspicion, the diagnosis of the child is not removed up to a year).
In General, Sverdlovsk oblast is in first place in Russia by number of cases per 100 thousand population. “We have long moved in the generalized phase of infection when the index lesion in the territory of more than 1%,” – said Savinov.
The representative of goradministratsii emphasizes: “It is a myth that HIV only hurt the young and drug addicts – we see the increased incidence in the older categories, 30-39 and 40-49 years… When the infection came in a socially prosperous environment, she received more intensive distribution”.
Savinova indicates that in Yekaterinburg 92% of patients in need of antiretroviral therapy received it. However, this is not enough – the epidemic continues to advance. “If in the next five years to act – the situation can be very disastrous,” said she.
“Kommersant” reported that according to the spring 2016 already in 20 Russian regions more than 1% of pregnant women are HIV-positive. According to the criteria of the who and UNAIDS, this indicates the highest stage of the epidemic generalized. Senior researcher of the Federal center for AIDS Rospotrebnadzor Natalia Ladnaya was then called the most difficult regions, including Samara and Sverdlovsk region. Indicator 1% of infected or more registers, according to her, Kemerovo, Ulyanovsk, Irkutsk, Tyumen regions, Perm Krai, Leningrad, Chelyabinsk and Orenburg regions, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous district, Tomsk region, Altai Krai, Novosibirsk, Murmansk, Omsk, Ivanovo, Tver and Kurgan regions. According to experts, in General, in Russia there is a second, concentrated stage of the epidemic (the infection is spreading among high-risk groups).
At the end of 2015 in Russia were registered more than 1 million HIV-infected people, of whom died 212 thousand.