The Japanese government confirmed on Friday, October 14, in 2016, was not made obligatory contribution to 3.85 billion yen Organization of the United Nations educational, scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO), included in the world heritage List documents about the massacre in Nanjing massacres by Japanese soldiers of the civil population of the capital of the Republic of China during the Second Sino-Japanese war in 1937, according to the Japanese broadcasting company NHK.
That the country “has not yet been made in the payment of contributions”, stated the Minister of foreign Affairs of Japan, Fumio Kishida, after a meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers. He added that the decision was made after a comprehensive review of the situation and in the future it will be discussed.
Japan contributed about $ 38 million – is the largest and usually paid in the spring. Although the government has not announced the reason the local media, including the newspaper The Japan Times, is linked with the criticism of the program “memory of the world”, who registered the documents in 1937 as a world heritage site.
In October 2015, Japan protested against the inclusion of documents on the Nanjing massacre in a UNESCO world heritage site and has threatened to reconsider its participation in the financing of the organization. Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said the government may suspend payments, because the decision was made without considering the opinion of Japan. Then former Minister of education Hiroshi Hase met with UNESCO Director General Irina Bokova in Paris, which, according to the newspaper, the meeting acknowledged the lack of transparency in the program “memory of the world”.
Japan requires reforming the system of registration of documents and materials in the UNESCO program, however, as noted by The Japan Times, the country could lose the chance to reform the organization, because if she does not pay contributions for two consecutive years, it will lose the right to vote at the General Assembly of UNESCO. The closest Assembly to be held in the fall of 2017.
USA, which accounted for 22% of the total budget of UNESCO, do not have the right to vote, because Washington does not pay dues in 2013, protesting against Palestinian membership in the organization. Japan brought the second largest contribution to the budget (over 10%).
The Nanjing massacre: people used as a “Scarecrow” for bayonet fighting, raped and buried alive
The Nanjing massacre of 1937 was one of the bloodiest episodes in world history of the twentieth-century American writer iris Chang called “the forgotten Holocaust” of world war II.
Occupied in 1931 Manchuria, the Japanese army in 1937 launched the General offensive to capture the Northern regions of China: Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai surrendered. In early December, troops of the Mikado moved to Nanjing, the capital of the Republican China. Unopposed from the completely disorganized the enemy and the population, seized with panic, the Japanese soldiers began December 13, massacre.
From 200 to 300 thousand civilians and soldiers were killed with cruelty: from 20 to 80 thousand women were raped, prisoners buried in the ground alive, was used as “scarecrows” to exercise with a bayonet, and survivors were given at the mercy of German shepherds. The officers were having a competition who cut down a sword more than a hundred heads.
In the list of programs for the protection of heritage documents was made at the suggestion of China. Japan said that the Beijing documents distort history and “based on unilateral judgments”. Tokyo, explains TASS, recognizes the fact of the massacres in Nanking, but argues that the number of dead, there are no confirmed data on this score can be different opinions. Therefore, according to the government of Japan, it is wrongful to recognize only those documents that reflect the positions of Beijing.