The state in the economy has a share of about 70%, it should withdraw from regulation of a number of spheres, and from the presence in them. This was stated on Monday the head of the Centre for strategic research and a former Russian Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin, reports “Interfax”.
“The state’s share in the economy is very high. You can specify its measurement, but approximately 70% is probably close. You need to regulate a natural monopoly, but in principle state-owned companies had not created the environment, which is to ensure the overall efficiency of the economy. We need to change policy towards the public sector, to reform, to change the situation with state-owned companies and state monopolies”, – Kudrin said at the conference “Antitrust regulation in Russia” organized by the newspaper “Vedomosti”.
According to the economist, it is necessary to significantly reduce the area where the state prevails or which the state regulates.
“To get away from regulation in many areas gradually through a planned program, but to leave within the next 10 years from a variety of fields. Including in the framework of state exclusivity in separate production facilities, infrastructure need to leave,” – said Kudrin.
“You can adjust the operation of individual infrastructure law, especially for individual cases. In General, it will be the private sector. This, incidentally, is the subject of the investment, including substantially increasing investment. Faster raise investment, will raise infrastructure objects”, – said the former Minister.
Note, evidence that the state controls about 70% of the economy, cited in submitted to the government a month ago, the FAS report on the state of competition. In this case, as follows from the document, in 2005, the contribution of government and state-owned companies in the GDP was two times less. In three years the number of state and municipal unitary enterprises tripled. Dramatically increased the number of regional and municipal unitary enterprises, which are the main enemies of competition.
The government, according to Kudrin, does not have a clear understanding about the existing economic reality after the fall in oil prices and decline in budget revenues.
“The price of oil has fallen, we don’t have enough income, we have a problem of growth factors. We are so easily learned to manage money, when it was prosperity that now, I mean, clearly, no government (in the broad sense – the leadership of the country), nor the ministries there is more understanding that we have passed into a different reality,” – said Kudrin.
The former Minister added that by 2020, the average growth rate may be only 1%. Kudrin considers it “a great challenge for the country.”
Alexei Kudrin also noted that to achieve a budget deficit of 3.1% of GDP in 2017 will be difficult. “This year the budget deficit will be approximately 3.7% in may to 3.9%. Next year is planned at 3.1%, this is very difficult to achieve”, – Kudrin said at the conference.
Recall, according to the draft budget for 2017-2019, the government considers it possible to meet the budget deficit at 3.2% of GDP with further reduction. The document says that the government expects to seek payment of higher dividends from state-owned companies. “Gazprom” next year, it expects increasing contributions to the state budget more than doubled.
“Rosneft” can also increase dividend payments, follows from the document. The government expects net profit of the company for the year 2016 5.3%, but the government does not directly controls the “Rosneft” and therefore does not make official forecasts on its dividends.
On the other hand, major energy companies still managed to evade the requirements of the Ministry of Finance to increase dividend payments – they relied on their own investment program, adverse market conditions and tax increases