On the website of the movement “memorial” appeared a section, a distributed database “the staff of bodies of state security of the USSR. 1935-1939″, which presents information about 39 thousand 950 NKVD. Information that formed the basis for the database was collected by the researcher Andrey Zhukov.
The project description stated that the book will be useful those interested in Soviet history. “So, in particular, the directory will be possible to attribute a lot of the KGB era of the Great terror, known so far only by name (as a rule, even without the name and patronymic) – from the signatures in investigating the Affairs, or from references in memoirs texts. The appearance of the guide is a significant step towards a more in-depth and accurate understanding of the tragic history of our country in 30-e years of the XX century”, – quotes Znak.com the message of “Memorial”.
The structure of the database allows you to search alphabetically and by place of service, ranks, or awards to individuals. Repressed by the NKVD placed in a separate category. Completeness of specific personalities in the directory depends on the source from which were drawn the details. In some cases, about a particular member of the NKVD known only by last names and initials, in some cases, set the start and end dates of the service.
In may of this year the “memorial” has published a Handbook on the CD-ROM. As reported radio “Svoboda”, the main source of information was the orders of the NKVD personnel. It includes the number and date of orders assigning spezzani and dismissals from the NKVD, which often meant subsequent arrest. They also have information about occupy at the time of leaving office, received the state awards and awarding the badges “Honorary worker of the Cheka-GPU”. In addition, the compiler of the dictionary Andrey Zhukov used data from other sources – primarily on dead and missing during the war and subjected to repressions.
At the presentation of the disc, the Chairman of the Board, international “Memorial” Arseny Roginsky said that many years ago drew attention to the man who repeatedly came to the “memorial” and worked out a “memory Book” on the other, writing something in the Ledger.
“Actually, “memorial” – a place where eccentrics of a different sort is a lot. But the man who repeatedly reconsider a “Book of memory” is still unique, so it was impossible not to wonder what he’s doing. It turns out that all the “Books of memory” he was discharged employees of the state security”, – said Roginsky.
Later it turned out that Andrey Zhukov is working on a variety of sources, not only for “memory Books”. First of all it was the staff orders of the NKVD, which are stored in the State archive of the Russian Federation and available for study.
“In some moment we realized that this must have something to do. It is impossible to leave all this treasure homemade cards or books, granary books, which Andrey Nikolaevich has accumulated a huge number. Then it was more or less invented how to do it, and the topic is more or less marked. Interested not all from Adam and eve to the present day. We were limited to a certain period, and on disk it is marked: 1935-1939 years. We chose for this CD everywhere, from the gold reserves of Andrei Nikolaevich, those people who during these years received spezzani. As we remember, they were introduced in 1935. The people who got them during the first four years, and have our characters,” – said the representative of “Memorial”.
According to Roginsky, another draft version of the database has allowed to make important discoveries. So, for example, it was found that in the novel of Yury Dombrovsky “Faculty of unnecessary things” all the names of the security officers is genuine.
“The many characters are written even books, some were themselves involved in criminal cases for various reasons. Someone – due to the fact that he refused to carry out 447 order (a secret order of the NKVD of July 30, 1937 “the operation of repression of former kulaks, criminals and other anti-Soviet elements”, which from August 1937 to November 1938, was executed 390 thousand and sent to camp 380 thousand people. – Approx. NEWSru.com) or insufficiently active to hold it, such cases are also known for,” says mentioned in the database people historian Jan Raczynski.
As noted by Raczynski in an interview to the project “history Lesson”on the development of the database took 15 years.