Millions of Christians did not worship the relics, said dug out the true tomb of St. Nicholas archaeologists
Turkish archaeologists claim to have discovered the true grave of Nicholas of Myra is revered by the Orthodox and Catholic churches Saint who lived in what is now Turkey in the fourth century. Until now it was believed that in 1087 Italian merchants stole the relics of the Saint and transported to Bari, saving from desecration. The head of the Department of monuments of Antalya, Cemil Karabin believes that Bari lies the body of another Christian Bishop and Saint Nicholas was buried in Demre and lies there to this day. If this version is confirmed, will be that the spring in Russia brought to worship not the relics of Saint Nicholas.
Hurriyet Daily News writes that in the southern Turkish province during the archeological works were found undamaged temple. It was an area where, as experts believe, is the tomb of the Saint.
Survey on the site of an ancient temple have been going on for three months. Cemil Karabin says that he is in perfect condition, but work is moving slowly – as scientists try to mark each stone to be able to completely reconstruct the building and to preserve the surviving mosaics.
Excavations were preceded by years of archival work. “We studied all the documents from 1942 to 1966 and found some notes. According to these notes, the temple was destroyed and completely rebuilt. Merchants from Bari took power during the reconstruction. But there is evidence that those remains belonged not to St. Nicholas, and another priest. One of the first who supported this version became Professor Yildiz Famagusta, academician of the Department of history of art University Hacettepe. She said that St. Nicholas was buried in a special chapel,” explained Karabin. Academician of Famagusta had led the archaeological expedition in Demre 20 years ago.
“We have received very good results, but now begins the real work. We’re going deep into the ground and we might be able to find intact the name of St. Nicholas. For these works attracted eight scientists from different branches of science. If our expectations are met, the excavations in Demre will unfold at full capacity,” the official added, expressing hope that international outcry.
Cemil Karabin emphasizes: “the world’s Attention will be riveted to this place. We claim that the remains of St. Nicholas are preserved in this temple without any damage. We are at the last stage. If we achieve a result, tourism in Antalya will reach a new level. After the excavation we are ready to present the results of their work at the international level. Archaeological expedition headed by Professor Sam Dagan, and she’s in shock.”
Nicholas the Wonderworker, which in Russia is also referred to as Saint Nicholas, according to the biography, was born in Asia Minor in the III century in the Greek colony of Patara in the Roman province of Lycia. Even in his lifetime he became famous as umirotvorenie rival, the defender of the innocent and the deliverer from the “needless death”.
A few years ago, the Russian hagiographer Alexander Bugaevskiy saidthat he was able to establish the exact date of the death of St. Nicholas – it happened in 334. In the book “Good helmsman”, which, in addition to Buhaevsky, worked with scientists from Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Poland, USA and Germany, expressed the opinion about what is mentioned in the life facts biography about life of the Saint, and which derived from the life of another Nicholas, who lived two years later.
It is believed that by touching his relics, you can get rid of virtually any disease. As noted by the clergy who worship the relics are asked about the different – health, healing, deliverance from trouble, good luck in business and many other things.
Originally Saint Nicholas was buried in the Church in the Worlds (modern Turkey). Presumably, in may 1087 Italian merchants relics of the Saint were transferred to Italy and placed in the crypt of the Basilica of St. Nicholas in Bari.
According to the Church calendar of celebrations in his honour are performed twice a year: 19 December, on the day of his death, may 22 – in memory of transferring his relics from Myra to the Bar (now in Bari). In the Russian folk Orthodox tradition, these holidays are referred to as “Nikola winter” and “Nikola vernal”. Christians believe that Saint Nicholas and is now helping to people praying to it.
World famous Holy received in the XVI century as Santa Claus, who gives presents to little kids. The Dutch, who arrived in the United States popularized Santa Claus in the New world, and the commercialization of the XX century turned the Holy into a new symbol of Christmas, which, according to some skeptics, even overshadowed the Christ child, which, in fact, dedicated to the occasion. In modern popular culture Saint Nicholas is portrayed as a portly man with a white beard and glasses. On ancient icons, he is also bearded, but it looks more ascetic.