Officially, Russia considers the referendum in Catalonia is an internal affair of Spain, but in Moscow, many assume, condemn and plan
Russia has consistently considers the referendum in Catalonia is an internal affair of Spain. “As for the events in Spain,… the consistent position of Moscow is that it is an internal affair of the Kingdom,” – said the press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov.
According to TASS, he did not give an assessment to actions of militiamen in Catalonia, in which more than 850 people were injured. Peskov reminded that Moscow “does not tolerate when someone evaluates methods of work of law enforcement bodies of the Russian Federation”.
Embassy of Spain in Moscow has expressed gratitude to the Ministry of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation for the Russian position on the referendum in Catalonia. “We thank the Ministry of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation in position on the illegal referendum in Catalonia. Continue to inform the government and the Russian media about the position of Spain,” – said in a message posted on Twitter of the Embassy.
However, the comments occurred in Catalonia on the part of Russian politicians are rife with assumptions, convictions of the Spanish authorities unwillingness to listen to the will of the citizens and the application of the policy of double standards by the EU. According to some, unprecedented violence during the referendum by the police and guards are partly legitimized separatism and weakened the Central government of Spain.
Deputy head of the international Committee of the Federation Council Andrei Klimov believes that the EU and the Spanish government will do everything not to recognize the results of the referendum in Catalonia, and the region’s residents do not have serious chances of gaining real statehood. “If necessary, as we already see, will be rigidly applied force”, – said Klimov.
According to him, in the case of Catalonia will not apply the logic of which European countries adhered to the recognition of the Republic of Kosovo, “because of double standards (in Europe) has not been canceled,” reports his words RIA “Novosti”.
About the double standards in the EU and said the head of the Duma Committee on international Affairs Leonid Slutsky. He said that the reaction of the European Union on the referendum in Catalonia will be “a litmus test for manifestation of double standards”. “What is happening in Catalonia is partly the consequence of Western policy in the former Yugoslavia. It was then in Kosovo opened a Pandora’s box,” said Slutsky, noting that “Russia has warned that a plan by the then special assistant to the UN Secretary General, Martti Ahtisaari, to determine the status of Pristina and its branch from Belgrade, will result sooner or later with a parade of national sovereignties that today observed in various places in the world”.
As the head of Committee of the state Duma, the current situation will indicate “agree to Brussels with the right of Nations to self-determination, as it was beneficial to Kosovo, or continue to defend the principle of territorial integrity, as we saw in the case of other Nations, as political vectors was differently in relation to the overall lines of the West.”
The head of the Federation Council Committee on international Affairs Konstantin Kosachev stated that the referendum in Catalonia “finishes off the favorite argument of Western countries, where they speak about the inviolability of European borders as a fait accompli, which can be broken only by the perfidy of individual non-Western countries”. The Senator also reminded of the situation in Yugoslavia: “Those who have contributed to the breakup of Yugoslavia and recognized the separation of Kosovo by force in violation of sovereignty of Serbia, probably, already had time to realize what you’ve opened Pandora’s box and close it now is extremely difficult. Political expediency destroys the principle – and this is the main conclusion, because when there is no single unbiased approach to all cases, there is no rule that everyone will want to follow”.
According to Kosachev, Catalonia by referendum in may to remain part of Spain, but under conditions of greater autonomy. “As Madrid, Barcelona and rebellious still signaled a willingness to dialogue, the most likely scenario I think long negotiations with the final preservation of the Catalonia part of Spain, but in the new environment of greater autonomy. Provided that none of the parties does not force the conflict, which, however, is not excluded”, – said the Senator.
The first Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on international Affairs Vladimir dzhabarov told TASS that an explosive situation in Spain can be saved only by negotiations. “I think you should sit down at the negotiating table to sort out the claims of the regional authorities, population of Catalonia and to seek common ground and collaborative solutions to these issues,” the Senator said, noting that the results of the referendum are unlikely to be recognized by the government. “The Central government is unlikely to recognize and attract to this and the constitutional court and the Supreme court”, – said the politician. However, according to the Senator, if not for the actions of the Central authorities, which created the maximum tension in the course of the referendum, the result could be the opposite. “Many people from the protest went and supported the office,” – said the MP.
The referendum null and void, but the relationship of Madrid and Barcelona it is complicated
The relationship between the government of Catalonia and the Central Spanish government in the aftermath of the referendum on independence even more complicated, said a member of the Executive Committee of Russian Association of international law Anatoly Kapustin.
In an interview with RIA “Novosti” he said that, despite the inalienable right of every people to self-determination, we cannot say that the Catalan referendum was held legally. Existing legislation Spain suggests that a referendum, even within a single region should be conducted with the consent of the Central authorities.
“Such has been received, and all were based on the laws that they made themselves and performed. So talk to a legal point of view that the referendum was held, very difficult,” said Kapustin. In his opinion, the consequences held a referendum may be only some complication of the relations between the regional government and the Central authorities in Madrid.
“If they want somehow to legalize the results, it is necessary to negotiate with the Spanish government. Any extraordinary reason for holding this referendum was not. It is clear that the Central authorities are very negative to the fact of the referendum, however, massive human rights violations was not. Catalonia as an Autonomous region has fairly broad rights, and I think we need to continue the negotiation process for some reason to negotiate with the Spanish government”, – said Kapustin.
On the other hand, he believes, in fact, the situation may develop in a completely different direction. “If the Spanish government would not take any steps, the situation may go far enough. If you continue the events beyond legal nature, the consequences can be very different, including the blockade of Catalonia”, – said Kapustin.