The Internet censorship is considered necessary 60% of Russians. Against the ban of access to individual sites and materials are 25% of respondents were undecided on the issue of 14%. The results of a public opinion poll , Interfax reported Friday in the “Levada-Center”.
32% said that restrictions on access to certain sites on the Internet can be used to restrict activities of civil society activists, to infringe civil rights and freedoms. The opposite opinion is shared by 44% of Russians. 24% were undecided.
Sociologists ask questions about the credibility of the disseminated information. So, 90% said that to some extent trust the information about events in the country, which is distributed by major television channels. About his distrust said only 7% of respondents. The credibility of the accounting information from the Internet was expressed by 73% (against 10% “suspicious” citizens of the Russian Federation).
The survey shows that 47% of Russians while watching TV, listening to radio, reading Newspapers “the impression that they’re hiding something, do not give full information about what is happening”. 43% said that this feeling they have.
In turn, 44% admitted that they have a feeling that the media is “a distraction from the really important events and themes, focusing attention on some minor subjects”. 43% gave a negative answer to this question. 35% agreed with the thesis that the media “lies to them, gives false
information.” 49% of respondents don’t think so.
The survey was conducted October 21-24 among 1,600 people aged 18 years and older in 137 localities of the 48 regions of the Russian Federation.
The number of Russians advocating for the censorship of the Internet grew
Note that the number of those who advocate censorship in the Network per year has increased markedly. In the past year from a survey conducted by the Russian center for public opinion studies (VTSIOM) and the Center for the study of global communications at Annenbergs school for communication, University of Pennsylvania (USA), it became clear that censorship act 49%. 11% then said that the hold the opposite point of view. It is noteworthy that 58% supported the idea of a complete shutdown of the Internet in case of national threat or the possibility of mass protests.
On the background of the conviction of the majority of Russians of the need for Internet censorship, human rights activists continue to Express concern about the infringement of freedom of speech in Russia. So, in February, the international human rights group “Agora” presented a report on this topic, which noted that for 2015 the situation with freedom of speech in the Russian segment of the Network has deteriorated markedly.
In particular, pointed out to human rights defenders in Russia nine times increase in the number of block sites. In 2016, these processes have continued. One of the most high-profile recent was the introduction of a resource in the unified register of prohibited resources of the website of the project “Children-404″ (deti-404.com), which supports LGBT teenagers. It was noted that the Prosecutor’s office discovered information on the site clearly promotes unconventional sexual relationships among minors.
Human rights activists also noted in the February report that in 2015, Internet users for the first time received real prison terms for the publication in the Network. A total of prison in 2015, sentenced 18 people, there were 203 prosecutions for the publication on the Internet.
In 2016, the courts continued to impose sentences for such offenses. So, recently, in the Chuvash Republic condemned the 62-year-old guard asphalt plant Nikolay Egorov. He was convicted of extremism for the census in the social network “Vkontakte” previously prohibited articles publicist Boris Stomakhin. The court sentenced Egorova to two years of imprisonment conditionally.
In may, Novosibirsk region, Berdsk city court sentenced a former member of the opposition party PARNAS 21-the summer inhabitant of Berdsk Maxim Karmelicka to one year and three months of imprisonment in a colony-settlement for the repost in the social network “Vkontakte” pictures, which was considered exciting the hatred of the Orthodox.
Also in may, a resident of Tver Andrei Bubeev received two years and three months in prison for the repost of the material of Boris Stomakhin “Crimea is Ukraine” and pictures on the same topic on his page in the social network. Earlier, the blogger had already been sentenced for the same offense to 10 months of imprisonment.
The report also noted that in 2015 more than doubled the number of regions in which Internet users are under considerable pressure. The least free regions in the report were identified as Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Tatarstan, Mordovia, Ulyanovsk oblast and Chechnya.
Russia worsened the performance in the ranking of Internet freedom
This week, the American nongovernmental organization Freedom House has issued a new report Freedom on the Net 2016 to assess the level of Internet freedom in various countries. According to analysts, in comparison with last year Russia has worsened its performance in this area.
The method evaluation included the study of three criteria: Network availability, the presence of restrictions on the publication of content and violations of user rights. In the end, Russia in the ranking were in the group of countries with not free Internet, typing 65 points. While a year earlier the figure was 62 points, and in 2011 with 52 points.
Among the factors that negatively affect the level of Internet freedom in Russia, the drafters of the rating mention the so-called law of Spring and the cases of arrests and attacks on users, the reason for which became their network activity.