Russian President Vladimir Putin issued a decree according to which Russia refuses to become party to the Rome Statute of the International criminal court (ICC). Relevant document published on the official portal of legal information.

“To accept the proposal of the Ministry of justice agreed with the Ministry of foreign Affairs and
other interested Federal bodies of Executive power with
The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the General Prosecutor’s office and the Investigative Committee
Russia, on the direction of the UN Secretary-General notice of intent of the Russian Federation
not to become a party to the Rome Statute of the International criminal court,”
the text says the disposal of the President.

In addition, the President instructed the foreign Ministry to send General
UN Secretary notification.
This order comes into force from the day of its signing.

Edition orders occurred two days after the publication of the Prosecutor of the ICC report, in which the events in the Crimea was called an armed conflict between Ukraine and Russia. “The international armed conflict began no later than 26 February (2014) when the Russian Federation has mobilized the personnel of their armed forces to gain control over parts of Ukraine without the consent of the government of Ukraine”, – the document says.

The Russian foreign Ministry called ineffective and one-sided work of the International criminal
court. “Unfortunately, the court did not justify the hopes assigned to him and did not
a truly independent, respected body of international justice. In
principle at various venues, including in the General
Assembly and the UN Security Council, it was noted ineffective and
one-sided work of the court in the framework of the investigated cases,” – said in
the statement of the Russian foreign Ministry published on the website of the Ministry.

“Significant fact for the last 14 years, the ICC has issued only four
sentence, spending with more than $ 1 billion,” – said in
document. It notes that “of the Russian Federation adopted the decision not to become a party to the ICC Statute, or, in other words, to withdraw the signature under this document, entails the legal consequences envisaged by the Vienna Convention on the law of treaties of 1969″.

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in February 2015, recognized the jurisdiction of the International court to file a claim to Russia, the Prosecutor General’s office gathered for the ICC materials, which cover the period from February 20, 2014 – the day that was recognized by the authorities of Ukraine the day of the beginning of “Russian aggression”.

The Rome Statute (the ICC Charter) is the basis of the ICC. It was developed with the participation of Russia and adopted at the Diplomatic conference of Plenipotentiaries under the auspices of the United Nations on 17 July 1998 in Rome. It entered into force on 1 July 2002 and became operational in 2003. Russia signed a document on 13 September 2000 but has not ratified it.

At the end of January 2016, the official representative of Russian foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova said that in the future Russia may revise its attitude to the International criminal court, because disappointed by the decision to start an investigation against South Ossetians and Russian soldiers.

27 January 2016, the ICC announced that allowed the Prosecutor to initiate an investigation of crimes that could be committed during the conflict in South Ossetia and near her from 1 July to 10 October 2008. The court came to the conclusion that there are “reasonable grounds to assume that in the situation with Georgia, the crimes were committed within the jurisdiction of the ICC.”

The ICC is a judicial body mandated to dispense justice on behalf of the entire international community against the perpetrators of the most serious crimes: genocide, aggression, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Each of these terms is interpreted in judicial law in different countries in different ways, but the States that joined the ICC Statute, confirm that they understand them the same way.

Putin has issued a decree on the withdrawal of Russia from the agreement on the International criminal court in the Hague 16.11.2016

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