The number of Russian citizens with income below the subsistence minimum in the first half of 2017 at 21.1 per million people, according to published on Tuesday the data of Federal state statistics service (Rosstat).
In the II quarter of this year, the number of poor amounted to 20.2 million versus 22 million in the first quarter. In the first half of 2015, the number of poor among the citizens of Russia amounted to 15.1% in the first half of 2014, 13.1 per cent (data for 2015 generated by Rosstat excluding Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol).
In annual terms, the indicator of the number of poor declined by 0.2% and is now 14.4 per cent of the total population of the country.
The measure of poverty has a pronounced seasonal character, experts remind. Thus, the maximum level of poverty falls in the first quarter, the lowest in the fourth quarter (because of the premiums at the end of the year).
“Real disposable income is estimated to have been in August 2017 fell by 0.3% compared with the corresponding period of the previous year”, – reported earlier, Rosstat. According to the forecast of Ministry of economic development, real disposable incomes will grow in 2017 to 1.2%.
We will remind, the living wage for the second quarter in the whole of Russia amounted to 10329 rubles, for able-bodied population – 11163 рублz, for pensioners – 8506 rubles, for children – 10160 rubles a month. Compared to the first quarter, the subsistence minimum increased for the working population by 4.2%, pensioners – by 4.3%, for children – by 4.1%.
Meanwhile, as stated in March, Deputy Prime Minister Olga Golodets, the real level of poverty in Russia is higher than shown in official statistics, including due to the extensive informal sector.
“We have much to disagree poor statistical evaluation and assessment self-awareness of people. And if the statistical evaluation is the growth of poverty is 15%, which is very bad for us, the self-perception of people – it is much worse. And I think it is based on the fact that real incomes and real wages for the “grey” sector are different from those of income and wages, which we take as the average and which we believe benefits assistance”, – said the Golodets.
Shadow statistics must be considered in the social policy of the regions, considers Vice-the Prime Minister supervising the social block of the government. “You should take this subjective factor into account. If we tell a person “you are not poor”, and he is poor, this is a very difficult situation,” – said Golodets.
“The living wage is a minimum on which to survive difficult. Today is the estimated figure. And we must understand as we continue to move forward,” – she warned.