In new York the regular meeting of the 71st session of the UN General Assembly to discuss the issue of Security Council reform. During the meeting, held yesterday, 7 November, reports were heard from over 50 countries, which revealed significant differences in the views of different countries on a number of key issues related to the further functioning of the security Council, reports the website of the Assembly.
In particular, one such issue was the right of veto, which, according to the Charter , the UN security Council, have five countries that are permanent members of the organization (China, France, Russia, USA and UK).
While some countries opposed the use of such a right when discussing the UN security Council, Russia and the United States called for the preservation of the existing provisions of the Charter allows the permanent members to block the adoption of certain decisions.
The main opponent of the veto power was France. Deputy permanent representative to the UN Alexis Lamek reminded that Paris has abandoned the use of the veto in cases, when discussing the UN security Council resolution for particularly serious cases, such as mass crimes. He urged the other permanent members of the UN security Council to follow suit.
Permanent representative of Britain Matthew Rycroft said that his country would veto any resolution for over 25 years and does not intend to veto any resolution aimed at preventing mass crimes. However, he added that other security Council member used its veto right in such situations.
The representative of Liechtenstein reminded that the use of the veto has repeatedly hampered the effective work of the UN security Council, including during a recent attempt to adopt a draft resolution on the introduction of ceasefire in the Syrian city of Aleppo. Recall, the document proposed by France, was blocked by Russia.
In turn, zampolpreda Michelle the Season said that the United States oppose “the extension or change of the (law) of veto”.
The representative of Russia Vladimir Safronov has rejected all proposals for the reform of the UN security Council veto. He called the right of the current five permanent members to veto draft resolutions the historical and stated that any proposal to limit it are unacceptable.
A proposal to restrict the use of the veto in situations where urgent action is needed to prevent mass crimes made still in 2013 the French President Francois Hollande. In August 2015 in an interview with TASS, the UK’s permanent representative to the UN Matthew Rycroft said that his country supports the initiative. In September 2015 for the reform of the veto expressed by the President of Poland Andrzej Duda.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko accused Russia abusing veto power in the UN security Council.
Meanwhile, Russia has consistently opposed the cancellation or curtailment of the veto. The Ministry of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation in 2014 , saidthat Russia cannot be excluded from the UN security Council or deny the right of veto. In 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin saidthat the UN, in principle, can not be unified, because the organization has a lot of countries, and therefore, the use of one or another country the right of veto – it’s natural.
Russia is one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council who have veto power when discussing the UN security Council. In recent years, the Russian Federation, five times blocked the draft resolutions on Syria, most recently in October 2016, and earlier in may 2014. Then the Russian delegation not allowed to take the document providing for the referral of the situation in Syria to the International criminal court.