Russia on the background of the negotiations with Japan placed on the Kuril Islands and coastal missile systems
On the background of active negotiations of Moscow with Tokyo on the signing of the peace Treaty, which Japan is linked to the question of belonging of the South Kuril Islands, Russia ceases to strengthen border near the disputed Islands. Currently, the defense Ministry has deployed on two of the four Islands, which are claimed by the Japanese, Iturup and Kunashir – anti-ship missile complexes “Ball” and “Bastion”, the newspaper of Pacific fleet “Fighting watch”. “Today the connection is ready for the next firing of the coastal missile complex “Bastion”, – said in the note.
Earlier plans to place in the Kuril Islands newest coastal defense systems said the leadership of the military Department of the country. So, in 2011, Russian media reported, citing a source in the General staff of the armed forces that the Kuril Islands will deploy coastal missile system “Bastion” with supersonic antiship cruise missile “Yakhont” is intended to fight with surface naval groups and single ships in heavy fire and electronic countermeasures. Also in the press appeared information about the fact that the Kuril Islands will appear in the air defense system “tor-M2″, and the division there stationed will include attack helicopters Mi-28 “Night hunter”.
Later this information was confirmed by the chief of the General staff of the Russian Armed forces army General Nikolai Makarov, who said that the group of forces in the Southern Kurils will be transferred to the new samples of arms and military equipment “by 2014, 2015.”
Then Russia’s plans to strengthen the impact on the Kuril Islands is extremely excited about the Japanese. The Minister of defence of Japan Toshimi of Kitazawa, commenting on the reports on this subject, saidthat Japan in connection with strengthening of activity of military activities of Russia in the Kuril Islands will closely monitor this process. And the Secretary General of the Cabinet of Ministers of Japan Yukio Edano said that Russia’s plans on deployment of missile complex in the South Kuril Islands are contrary to the position of the Japanese side.
In may 2016, the commander of the Eastern military district (TSB) Colonel General Sergey Surovikin said that the defense Ministry is taking “unprecedented steps” to enhance its military presence on the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. It was reported that the development of military infrastructure in the region and in the Arctic zone until 2020 is a priority state task in the sphere of defense.
Expert: Moscow signals Tokyo’s determination to retain the disputed Islands
In 2015, Kuril Islands were put on combat duty anti-aircraft missile systems “tor-M2U”. In March 2016 the head of the defense Ministry Sergei Shoigu said that before the end of the year in the Kuril Islands plan to deploy coastal missile complexes “Bastion” and “Ball”. It was also reported that the military is studying the possibility of creating a database of the Pacific fleet on the Islands of the Great Kuril ridge.
In the summer of 2016, the source of”Interfax” reported that “the division of the complex “Bastion” is deployed on the black sea, Northern and Pacific fleets, plans for 2016 – the arrival of five more complexes “Bastion” and “Ball”. “In later years, missiles will come with a rate of four annually until 2021,” claimed the source.
And July, it was reported that the rocket troops of the coastal forces of the Pacific fleet performed the first firing of the new missile complex “Bastion” entered service in 2016, and that the complex will be put on full combat duty in August.
Vehicle Pacific fleet with new missiles – a response to the new threats to Russia’s security, said earlier the former commander of the black sea fleet Admiral Vladimir Komoyedov. “In the Asia-Pacific region restless, territorial disputes flared up again,” said he, probably referring to the problem of the disputed territories.
Due to the strengthening of the contingent on the Islands of the signal about the determination of Russia to retain the Islands of the South Kuril Islands, according to a former Russian Ambassador to Japan Alexander Panov. “Most likely, the Japanese will turn a blind eye to Russia’s actions, because in December it is planned summit, and in bilateral relations, positive dynamics. The scandal broke. However, through diplomatic channels they might be asked to explain the reasons for the military build-up”, – quotes words of the diplomat, the newspaper “Izvestia”.
In Tokyo want to resolve the Kuril issue on the principle of “win-win”
On 20 November the President of Russia Vladimir Putin has held a meeting with Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe on the sidelines of the APEC summit in Peru, after which he announced that in the discussion of a peace Treaty with Japan failed to make progress. The details he announced, saying only that “various options are possible”.
On 15-16 December Putin’s visit to Japan, which should crown the efforts of Tokyo in the framework of the “new approach” to the problem of the South Kuril Islands and conclude a peace Treaty between the two countries.
Meanwhile, the Japanese government said Monday that does not change the old approach to the issue of southern Kuril Islands. “Unchanged is our basic position, which seeks to resolve the question of ownership of the four Islands and conclude a peace Treaty with Russia”, – said at a press conference in Tokyo the Secretary General of the Cabinet of Ministers of Yoshihide Suga.
On Tuesday, the TV channel NHK gave a press-conference of the head of the Japanese government Shinzo Abe in Buenos Aires, where he stated that he believes it is important to resolve the issue concerning Smoking on the basis of principle “win-win” (“win-win”). However, he added that he expects the issue of signing a peace Treaty with Russia will be solved in one Russian-Japanese summit.
The complex “Ball” adopted in 2008. It is equipped with anti-ship missile KH-35 (3М24) and is designed to protect naval bases, coastal infrastructure and for the antilanding defense of the coast.
BRK “Bastion” is designed to protect the coast stretching over 600 km. He is able to hit surface ships of different classes and types in conditions of intensive fire and electronic countermeasures. Ammunition one set can include up to 36 missiles “Onyx” (“Yakhont”).