The Russian authorities have suspended it signed with the USA agreements on cooperation in scientific research and development in nuclear and energy spheres. This was reported on the website of the Russian government. Previously, the government of the Russian Federation ceased the Treaty plutonium, also signed with the government of the United States.
Agreement between the government of the Russian Federation and Washington on cooperation in scientific research and development in nuclear and energy spheres were signed on 16 September 2013 in Vienna.
The document defined the areas of scientific and technical cooperation in the field of use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes, including nuclear safety, designing of nuclear power plants, innovative types of reactor fuel, the use of nuclear and radiation technologies in medicine and industry, the management of radioactive waste.
Under the agreement, was planned in collaboration with American specialists of works which would contribute to mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of nuclear energy and provide a savings of time and resources in conducting fundamental and applied research in this field.
“Actions taken by the United States in connection with the introduction of sanctions against Russia, directly addressed the areas of cooperation under the agreement. In April 2014, Rosatom state Corporation a letter was received from the office of the U.S. Department of energy at the US Embassy in Moscow, in which, with reference to the instructions received from Washington, reported on the suspension of cooperation in the field of nuclear energy in connection with the events in Ukraine”, – said in the Russian government.
This step of the American side is a “material breach of the terms of the agreement, the purpose of which is to promote cooperation between the parties in research and development in nuclear and energy spheres and the creation of such cooperation is stable, reliable and predictable basis”, emphasized in the Cabinet.
The government draw attention to the fact that the regular renewal of U.S. sanctions against Russia, including suspension of Russian-American cooperation in the field of nuclear energy requires the adoption of countermeasures against an American side.
Officials explained that the decision to suspend the agreement was made in accordance with paragraph 1 of article 37 of the Federal act of 15 June 1995 N101-FZ “On international treaties of the Russian Federation”.
“The international legal framework of cooperation with the United States in this approach will be maintained. For the Russian Federation will be able to resume cooperation under the agreement, when it is justified from the point of view of the General context of relations with the US”, – summarized in the government.
We will remind, on October 3, Russian President Vladimir Putin submitted to the state Duma a bill on the suspension of the agreement with the US on plutonium disposition, which sets out the terms of the renewal agreements. On the same day it was reported that the head of state by his decree suspended the agreement between the U.S. and Russia on plutonium disposition signed by Moscow on 29 August 2000, Washington, 1 September of the same year.
As stated in the bill, the decision on renewal of the agreement and the protocols made by the President of the Russian Federation, they can be renewed in a number of actions on the part of the United States. In particular, Moscow could return to the performance of the agreement under the cancellation of Washington’s “Magnitsky act”, in the case of the repeal of all anti-Russian sanctions and providing compensation for them, as well as with the reduction of military infrastructure in NATO countries.
In the explanatory Memorandum emphasizes that the bill will not require additional Federal budget spending. The law will come into force from the day of its official publication. At the plenary session of the state Duma the draft law the deputies will represent the Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Sergey Ryabkov.
First Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on defense and security Frants Klintsevich said that, expected the senators, the law on the suspension of the agreement with the US on plutonium disposition can be adopted and come into force in October. “Our President did not take a decision until the last, hoping that the US will change its position, but this, unfortunately, did not happen,” – said Klintsevich.
Recall, the agreement with the US was signed on 29 August 2000. The agreement provided for the disposal of excess weapons-grade plutonium in Russia and the United States, in particular through the production of mixed oxide fuel use in nuclear power reactors, translation into forms suitable for the creation of weapons and burial.