Russia was unable to collect the required number of votes for re-election to the UN Council on human rights and will leave him at the expiration of his term in late 2016. It is reported TASS with reference to the results of the vote.
In the course of voting at the General Assembly the candidacy of the Russian Federation supported the 112 countries in the UN. Competitors of Russia in the Eastern European group Hungary and Croatia – received 144 and 114 votes, respectively.
A total of 14 were elected members of the UN Council on human rights for a three-year term beginning on 1 January of the following year. From the African group to the Council were Egypt, Rwanda, Tunisia and South Africa; from countries in the Asia-Pacific region – China, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Japan; Latin American countries as Brazil and Cuba; group of Western European and other countries – the UK and USA.
In this case, existing members of the Council are China, Cuba, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom and South Africa. December 31 will expire the term of office of Algeria, Morocco, Namibia, Vietnam, Maldives, Macedonia, Mexico and France.
Until the end of 2017 in the composition of the court, the UN will remain 15 countries, including India, Nigeria and Latvia. At the end of the 2018 expiry of the term of office of 18 States, including Venezuela, Germany, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, UAE, and South Korea.
Previously, more than 80 humanitarian and human rights organizations, including Human Rights Watch and Care International, has demanded to exclude Russia from the UN Council on human rights. In the address human rights activists pointed to the military operations of Russia in Syria, in which the victims are civilians.
In a joint statement, non-profit organizations were offered within the Council countries to answer the question whether the role of Russia in Syria, which, in particular, “takes military operations that target civilians and civilian objects”, and to sit in the court of the UN.
Human rights organizations in their document said that Russia’s veto as a permanent member of UN security Council resolutions on the cease-fire in Aleppo and, in General, support for air strikes in Syria – all this is not, I believe the organization, principles and purposes of the Council.
Later in the Kremlin advised the humanitarian and human rights organizations, speaking for the exclusion of Russia from the Council on human rights UN to draw attention to the crimes of terrorists in Syria, instead of to criticize Russia.
“Frankly, we would be more impressed if these organizations were more active against the background of those atrocities, which have for several years satisfied militants in Syria-the terrorists,” – said press Secretary of Russian President Dmitry Peskov.
According to Peskov, if the organization condemned the actions of terrorists, rather than attacking Russia, their work “seemed to us more convincing and reliable.” On the question of whether Russia intends to respond to the call, Sands said: “I said what I wanted to say.”
Western countries accuse Moscow and Damascus as “war crimes” – the bombing of hospitals, schools and infrastructure in Aleppo using barrel and cluster bombs and chemical weapons against the civilian population. Syria and Russia insist that strikes only against terrorists, and require the dissociation of the moderate opposition against the radicals.
On 21 October, the UN Council on human rights at the special session in Geneva adopted a resolution on Syria, proposed by Britain, where there is a requirement for all parties to the conflict, particularly the Syrian authorities and their allies, to immediately fulfill all obligations under international humanitarian law. Russia draft resolution was not satisfied, and she offered to make a few amendments.
Two unsuccessful attempts to adopt the draft resolution on Aleppo was in the UN Security Council. 8 October, Russia has used its veto in the vote on the French draft resolution was blocked and the Russian draft resolution, which failed to gain the nine Yes votes. The prospects for the adoption of another draft resolution in Moscow called “obscure”, as prepared by the New Zealand draft resolution of the UN security Council “not quite consistent” with the Russian approach.
The UN Council on human rights was created in 2006 to replace the Commission on human rights. The Council is responsible “for promoting universal respect for and protection of all human rights around the globe and for addressing situations related to violation of human rights and preparation of appropriate recommendations”.