Lander Schiaparelli (“list”) of the Russian-European project “ExoMars-2016″ landing on Mars. Video broadcast on the website of the European space Agency. It is also expected that prior to landing Schiaparelli orbital module TGO (Trace Gas Orbiter) will orbit the red planet.
Known pre-time of these processes. Schiaparelli needs to enter the atmosphere of Mars is about 17:48 Moscow time, TASS reported. Until then, previously at 16:04 Moscow time, the orbital module TGO will perform the maneuver by braking and will begin orbit of the red planet.
The module will enter the atmosphere at an altitude of about 122,5 km, at a speed of nearly 21,000 km/h to gradually decline, and at an altitude of 11 km at a speed of 1650 km/h should open the parachute. At the height of kilometer earn brake motors that should slow down and disconnect.
The signal from the lander to record Mars probe Mars Express (ESA, during landing), Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (NASA, a few minutes after landing) and TGO (during landing).
Modules of the project “ExoMars-2016″ successfully separated on October 16. After that Schiaparelli began to move along a trajectory leading to a landing on the Red planet. The way of the first ExoMars mission to the fourth planet from the Sun took seven months.
The program “ExoMars-2016″ is a joint project of the European space Agency (ESA) and Roscosmos. Its main purpose is to answer the question whether there was ever life on Mars. Hence the prefix “Exo” in the name of the program: exobiology happens to be, or astrobiology, studying origin evolution and distribution of life on other planets in the Universe, according to the ESA.
“ExoMars-2016″ includes two missions. The first was launched on 14 March, 2016 launching from the Baikonur cosmodrome carrier rocket “proton-M” spacecraft within the orbital module TGO (Trace Gas Orbiter) and a demonstration of the descent module Schiaparelli.
Module TGO will search for traces of methane and other gases in the atmosphere of Mars, which could indicate active biological and geological processes on the planet. In turn Schiaparelli test a number of technologies that provide a controlled descent and landing on Mars to prepare for future Mars missions with ESA.
The second part of the Russian-European program is scheduled for 2020. In the framework of the Mars will go a Russian landing platform and a Rover. At this stage the key task will be drilling and analysis of Martian soil. According to one hypothesis, at a depth of several meters could remain traces of organic life. In this module, the TGO is planned to be used until 2022 for transmitting signals from the European Rover to the Ground.