Experts from the United Nations University predicted the beginning of the first nuclear conflict in the history of Earth: in their view, the greatest tension between India and Pakistan, and the reason will be the growing problems with access to drinking water in the waters of the Indus river.
“The basin of the Indus river is the water “time bomb” that could explode at any moment, increasing water scarcity in the region and causing irreversible changes in the climate. There are other conflicts related to water access, and we analyze them today, the Earth could enter the path of peaceful and sustainable use of water resources,” said Mr Smakhtin, Director of the Institute for water, environment and health UN in Hamilton (Canada).
He recalled that the conflict over water resources intensifies: so, a month ago, India announced the termination of work of the permanent bilateral Commission on the Indus river, driving water relations between India and Pakistan since 1960.
Under this agreement, India received the right to use the waters of three Eastern tributaries of the Indus and Pakistan – by the waters of its two Western tributaries, and in fact the Indus. The agreement was spawned by fears of Pakistan that Delhi may deprive the Islamic Republic of access to water, blocking the tributaries of the Indus, which flow through the territory of India, if these countries once the war breaks out. In September 2016, the Indian government first expressed its intention to revise the agreement or leave that official Islamabad declared hostile action on the part of Delhi and said that such a step the Indian government will be regarded as “an act of declaring war.”
Experts believe that the conflict is worsening on the background of global warming and population growth, in the absence of cooperation between India and Pakistan may lead to war between them in the near future. While both countries are nuclear powers.
According to scientists, the Indus and all other rivers of South Asia will suffer the most from climate change and its consequences such as droughts and chronic water shortage will manifest itself most rapidly in the region. They emphasize that today the Indian subcontinent faces challenges in providing water.