Sociologists in the survey in connection with the 100th anniversary of the revolution found out that the Russians do not know the history
Experts all-Russia centre of studying of public opinion (VTSIOM), a poll conducted in connection with the 100 th anniversary of the October revolution, found that knowledge of the Russians of history is so fragmented that most of them cannot be a full understanding of the historical processes. About this newspaper “Kommersant”. Historians consider these results alarming, as, in their opinion, the lessons of the past to be learned for all citizens of the country, the article says.
Although the vast majority of respondents (96%) said that “the history of Russia is important to know” 40% admitted that they know the story is bad, another 7% rated their knowledge in this area as “very bad”. Another 41% believe that know the story well, of which 3% is “very good”.
The pollsters asked respondents additional questions on knowledge of historical events and personalities of the twentieth century, to ensure the objectivity of their assessment. The results showed that only 11% of Russians are aware of the fact that the Bolsheviks in October 1917 overthrew the Provisional government. 65% gave other answers, which are dominated by “Bolsheviks overthrew the Tsar”.
Only 7% knew that the phrase “They need great upheavals, we need a great Russia,” said Prime Minister of the Royal government of Pyotr Stolypin, 83% were unable to answer the question, 10% gave the wrong answer.
From the survey it was also found that the years of the Russo-Japanese war (1904-1905) know only 9% don’t know date 57%, are confused about them 34%. The day of the withdrawal of Russia from the First world war – 3 Mar 1918 – did not name anybody.
The researchers found that recent history of the country is also remembered by Russians in fragments. In particular, 40% of those who are now about 45 years, was unable to answer who was the main opponent of Boris Yeltsin in the presidential campaign of 1996. He remembered the leader of the Communist party Gennady Zyuganov only 34%.
Practice head of the political analysis VTsIOM Mikhail Mamonov, commenting on the “Kommersant” the results of the survey, said that with this fragmentation of knowledge “to talk about the understanding of the deep historical processes”. And the gaps in knowledge of history are “a lack of political benchmarks”, he concluded.
According to the sociologist, “the abandonment of traditional methods of learning history leads to the fact that the youth knows and remembers only what is seen in movies and television.” For example, among people aged 18 to 35 years, the proportion of “found it difficult” ranges from 50% to 90%. However, he noted, the youth evaluates their knowledge significantly more critical of the older generation: 62% of those who are now 25-35 years old, consider their knowledge of history is “bad” and “very bad”.