Russians criticize the US more than Americans of the Russian Federation. To such conclusion experts of the American organization for The Chicago Council on Global Affairs and their colleagues from the Russian “Levada-Center”. The results published on the website of the organization.
In its report, the authors stated that the relationship of Americans to Russia and Russians to America cannot be considered friendly. The chill in relations came after the annexation of Crimea to Russia in March 2014. Today, the attitude of Americans towards Russia is 40 points out of 100 (where 0 is “very poor” relationship, and 100 points – “very good”). The Russians reciprocate: only 23% of Russians belong to the United States positively. The majority (55%) of Americans say about the deterioration of Russian-American relations. Among Republicans (61%) this view is more common than among Democrats (51%).
The Russians are in the majority consider the purpose of sanctions of the West against Russia, the U.S. desire to weaken the country (74%). Only 6% think that the West has imposed restrictions against Russia, to stop the war in Eastern Ukraine, the report says sociologists.
71% of Americans believe that Russia seeks to limit US influence, but only 30% believe the expansion of the territory of Russia is very big threat. The majority of Russians (56%), on the contrary, I believe that “the US desire to control other countries” is a very significant threat to Russia.
It is noted that the Americans would like to see the US cooperated with Russia, while Russians are more worried about curbing the influence of the United States. Most Americans say that in the interaction with Russia, the United States must adhere to a friendly policy, and politics of cooperation (56%), and not to try to restrain the influence of Russia (39%). Respondents Democrats 12 percentage points more likely to say that cooperation with Russia than the Republicans (the figures are 62% and 50%, respectively), the report said.
Americans are not ready for an open confrontation with Russia. The Chicago Council surveys in 2014 and 2015 found that if Russia “invaded the territory of a member country of NATO, for example Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia”, a significant but smaller portion of Americans are willing to support reciprocal use of troops of the United States (44% in 2014 and 45% in 2015). Less of respondents approve of the use of the armed forces, if Russia were to introduce troops into the territory controlled by the Ukrainian authorities (30% in 2014 and 31% in 2015).
According to the survey “Levada-Center” in 2016, 68% of Russians believe that the deployment of NATO troops in the Baltic States and Poland represent a threat to their country, and 64% are concerned about the possibility of Ukraine joining the Alliance. The survey “Levada-Center” in 2015 showed that the majority of Russians fear the Western countries for their NATO membership (54%), while the sense of this threat has declined since 2008.
The analysis presented in the report is based on data of a survey conducted by the Chicago Council in 2016, among U.S. residents, and the study of U.S. foreign policy. The survey was conducted by service of GfK Custom Research using their representing the entire population online panel in the period from 10 to 27 June 2016 2061 among respondents aged over 18 years living in 50 States and the district of Columbia. The measurement error for the full sample is of 2.38%, including design effect 1,2149. The error is higher for questions asked on the part of the sample and among subgroups, selected on political preferences.
The Russian part of the research presented in the report based on data from several nationwide studies conducted by the “Levada-Center” (the Analytical center of Yuri Levada). Surveys conducted by way of door-to-door personal interviews. A representative sample includes urban and rural population, the total sample of 1602 respondents aged 18 years and older, living in all the eight Federal districts of Russia. In each Federal district, the sample is divided into five strata of settlements proportionally to number of residents aged 18 years and older. All cities with a population of 1 million inhabitants in the sample as somarepresentative objects. Sampling error in the range of 1.5% to 3.4% depending on the specific issue.