The Arcadia was posthumously awarded Turkmenbashi 52nd order – “For great love of independent Turkmenistan”
On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of independence of Turkmenistan, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov signed a number of decrees on awarding orders and medals to citizens who have made great contributions to the establishment and development of the Republic. Among others was the late and Forever Great Serdar (leader) Saparmurat Niyazov – the first President of independent Turkmenistan.
As reported by the country’s only news Agency , “Turkmenistan”, the Turkmen President was awarded the order “for outstanding contribution to the development of the country, culture, art, science, education, and industries”.
To reward its predecessor, this opportunity had to issue a decree on the posthumous awarding state awards. In addition to Turkmenbashi was posthumously awarded another 79 state leaders of Turkmenistan.
The award was 52nd on the list of awards Forever of the Great Serdar.
Saparmurat Niyazov – the world’s only owner of a unique collection of medals and orders named after himself. Turkmenbashi – the owner of awards “Turkmenbashi”, “star of the President”, the order of the President of Turkmenistan “Bitaraplyk,” the orders “Galkynysh” and Altyn asyr (“For outstanding achievements in labor activity in the XXI century – the Golden age of the Turkmen people”), the Golden medal “Altyn ay” (“Gold month”) and other higher awards of Turkmenistan.
In addition, he is the sixfold Hero of Turkmenistan. Refusing in 2004 from another star Hero, the President said that “Turkmens the inherent modesty”, but still “under numerous requests of workers” award he was awarded the people’s Council of Turkmenistan.
In the “premium” list. there are other records. At the moment he is the first and only leader in whose honor was named the two orders – in vivo and postmortem. During his life, Niyazov has established a state award named after himself (the order of Turkmenbashi) for “award for special bravery, selflessness and courage in defending the Fatherland, for his significant contribution to strengthening of defensibility of the country”. The order was awarded only to the military. Himself Niyazov became the first knight of the order. After his death in the country came another order to his name – order of the first President of Turkmenistan Saparmurat Turkmenbashi the Great, intended for rewarding outstanding state and public figures, mostly senior officials of foreign countries.
During his reign, almost all medals were decorated with his portrait, also of the order “Gurbansoltan eje”, devoted mother of Niyazov. But in 2014 it was cancelled by the new head of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.
After the arrival of the new President was officially announced the fight against the personality cult of the President old. However, the habit to glorify the current government in Turkmenistan remained.
Berdymukhamedov, who officially wears the title Leader of the nation and the Arcadia, which literally means “Protector”, and also became the owner of a large number of awards and titles. Lik Niyazov disappeared from the state flag, its monuments dismantled and instead of them by erecting a new gold-plated monuments to the incumbent President this opportunity. In Ashgabat, the Museum of the new President, who apparently intends to stay in power is not less than its predecessor.
In February 2017, the country will hold the next presidential election. Preparing for them is the current head of state has changed the Constitution – now to lead Turkmenistan can citizen over the age of 70 years.
Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov died on 21 December 2006 from heart failure, porukovodit Turkmenistan for 21 years (including the Soviet period). In 1993, the decision of the Parliament of the country he was proclaimed head of all Turkmens of the world (Turkmenbashi), but graciously refused the life presidency.