In the world remember one of the most famous historical events of the XX century – the Japanese attack in 1941 on the American Hawaiian base of pearl Harbor. The witnesses, describing the day, saying that it is impossible to forget.
94-year-old veteran Robert Greenleaf still remember the red circles painted on the wings of Japanese warplanes heading towards the base. “When we saw the red meatball on the wings, we knew immediately that this,” he tells the Boston Globe.
That day – December 7, 1941 – Greenleaf was 19 years old. Together with other soldiers he was stationed on the Hawaiian island of Oahu, when it was raided by Japanese aircraft. A peaceful Sunday morning quickly turned into something terrible.
The young man saw a squadron of Japanese torpedo bombers heading for the American warships. Three Japanese aircraft the Americans managed to shoot down. Odaka later it turned out that the Japanese inflicted stunning damage: 18 American ships were sunk or seriously damaged, including eight battle ships of the Pacific fleet, more than 340 aircraft damaged or destroyed. In his memoirs, written later, Greenleaf calls December 7, 1941 “a day that I will not forget.”
Killed more than 2,400 people, including no less than 1177 sailors who were on the sunken battleship “Arizona”. Subsequently, the Japanese attack was the reason for US entry into world war II.
Another veteran 91-year-old Vito Colonna – that day was very close with the battleship “Arizona” when on the ship there was an airstrike, the newspaper reports The Blade of Toledo. Blast the then 16-year-old boy dropped into the water, with the result that, as it turned out later, he injured his spine.
Despite this, the young man managed to escape, grasping the screw. Then he was saved by two sailors. In the Column under the endless attacks were looking for the wounded soldiers and provided them with first aid. All, according to his own estimates, he managed to save the day from 75 to 100 people. Today, remembering is saved, he calls them “my boys”. Also a veteran, said he wrote a book about his memories of pearl Harbor.
Accurate data on victims in the attack on pearl Harbor does not exist so far. It is believed to have killed 2467 Americans and 64 Japanese. The newspaper La Vanguardia, referring to the history of the attack by Japanese forces on pearl Harbor, writes that shortly before the Japanese attack Washington and Tokyo were close to signing a temporary Covenant, but all fell through because of an error made in translation.
When November 25, the Japanese Embassy sent to the U.S. Secretary of state hull’s paper on the negotiations, the translators mistakenly translated from Japanese “the plan of the final compromise” as “absolutely final proposal.” “Washington has considered that this document – not a statement of position on negotiations and the ultimatum. As a result, he sent his ultimatum – “hull Note”, which entailed the breakdown of the negotiations, and subsequently the bombing of pearl Harbor,” reads the article, which was translated by InoPressa.