Russian officers during the exploration in the southwestern part of the Syrian city of Aleppo have found evidence of terrorist use of chemical weapons against civilians and Syrian soldiers, said the Ministry of defense. Analysis in the laboratory with a high probability have shown that the shells of fighters used chlorine and white phosphorus, said the Agency.
On the possible use by terrorists of chemical weapons in Aleppo told the official representative of Russian defense Ministry major General Igor Konashenkov, reports RIA “Novosti”. “Officers of the Scientific center of troops of radiation, chemical and biological protection (NBC) during the reconnaissance in the area of “1070” (South-Western outskirts of Aleppo) found evidence of terrorist use of chemical weapons against civilians and Syrian soldiers”, – said the employee of the defense Department.
According to him, experts of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation found unexploded artillery ammunition of the terrorists with the content of toxic substances. Samples were taken of soil in the application, and also fragments of the unexploded ordnance, said Konashenkov.
After conducting proximate analysis in the mobile laboratory it was found that with a high probability of toxic substances in the shells of fighters were chlorine and white phosphorus, reports “Interfax”. Identified in the course of the test substances prohibited by the International Convention of 13 January 1993, the Agency said. “In-depth analysis found in Aleppo toxic substances will
carried out in the laboratory of analytical control of the Scientific center of chemical corps accredited Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW),” – said Konashenkov.
In August 2016, was published a report on the use of chemical weapons in Syria, jointly prepared by the UN mission and the Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW). In two cases the use of toxic chemicals, experts have accused the Syrian government forces, and in another – terrorists “Islamic state” (ISIS, an organization banned in Russia). In all there were nine episodes, but six of them failed to identify the party who used chemical weapons. It was noted that the investigation of the three of them will continue.
Then Russia’s permanent representative to the UN Vitaly Churkin criticized the report, saying it “contains no names, specifics, as fingerprints. According to him, to enter on the basis of data submitted by the experts of sanctions against the government of Syria prematurely. For the introduction of restrictive measures against Damascus for use of chemical weapons by the U.S., France and Britain. The Syrian government in 2013 agreed to destroy all stocks of chemical weapons.
In the last presented at the end of October, the report of the joint mission of UN and OPCW to investigate cases of use of chemical substances for military purposes in Syria, acknowledged the authorities responsible for another chemical attack. The experts came to the conclusion that the Syrian government used toxic gas in the province of Idlib on March 16, 2015. Churkin after the publication of the fourth report also statedthat the conclusions of the experts “are mostly not supported by sufficient evidence base”.
On 30 October, the Syrian and Russian state media reported that the positions of Syrian government forces and militia were attacked near a Military Academy in the South-West of Aleppo – one of the hottest points of confrontation. Used in the shells with some chemical toxic substances – presumably chlorine. According to the Russian defense Ministry, as a result of the use of chemical weapons killed two Syrian soldiers and received poisonings of various severity level 37 civilians.
Both sides of the conflict in Syria deny using chemical weapons, while blaming each other in its application. In 2013, the Syrian government agreed to destroy all stockpiles of chemical weapons according to the results of difficult negotiations involving the United States and Russia, which was presented as a major success of world diplomacy. Then the transaction was accompanied by the UN resolution, a separate paragraph which provided for the imposition of sanctions in case of non-compliance with the terms of the agreement.
Convention on the prohibition of chemical weapons, adopted in April 1997, prohibited the production, stockpiling and use of chlorine. Syria joined the agreement in autumn 2013.