The documents of the Soviet defector Mitrokhin revealed information about the massive intelligence network of the KGB in Israel
In the Israeli newspaper “Yediot Ahronot” published an article, based on information extracted ex-employee of the archive of the KGB and later defector Vasili Mitrokhin. The material of the journalist Ronen Bergman, who has the access to documents of the former intelligence officer, talking about the Soviet secret police recruited by the Israelis.
Editorial NEWSru Israel gathered the most important and interesting facts contained in the article on the pages of “Yediot Ahronot”. According to the article, in October 1970, KGB chief Yuri Andropov ordered to send to Israel a group of five special agents. They had to rebuild the spy network with which communication was lost after the rupture of relations between the USSR and Israel in 1967 after the six day war.
The author singled out among all the names appearing in the documents of the Mitrokhin, three Knesset members: Moshe Sne (MAPY – the predecessor of the MERC, then the MAQUIS, the Communist party, now part of HADASH), David Granot (hot-keys) and Jacob Riftin(MAP). The MAPS (United workers party) socialist party founded in Israel in 1948.
One of the main sources for the agents of the KGB were members of the Communist and socialist parties of Israel. According to Mitrokhin, the Soviet Union worked as a member of the Central Committee of MAKI Shlomo Shamli and member of the leadership of the Young guard (“Hashomer and-tsair”) engineer Jacob Vardi, responsible for the construction of the water “a-Movil a-Artzi”.
Also recruited foreign diplomats in Israel. Reporters found in the documents of the Mitrokhin names the Ambassador of Mexico in Israel, well-known writer Rose Costales, head of the office of the Ambassador of Austria in Israel the Bar Heinz, Ambassador of Chile to Israel Damara Carlos, Ambassador of Uruguay in Israel, Amando La Guard.
KGB agents also became journalists. In particular, the article mentions Evita Stan from “a-ol a-ze” and another showing promise journalist of the time who was recruited by the Shin bet (General security service of Israel) and worked as a double agent. According to Bergman, the documents of the Mitrokhin indicated as the place of birth study and the work of the media professional, as well as information on its proximity to the leadership of the ruling party Mapai, but his name the author of the article does not mention. Also another unnamed journalist, who worked for the KGB immigrated to Israel in 1971, worked for Russian radio and Russian-language newspaper in 1973 he emigrated to Germany, where he headed a successful company for conferences.
In the article, Bergman stated that one of the biggest successes of the KGB became recruiting officer of the IDF, rising to the rank of General and was a forum of the General staff. About his work on the Soviet Union, the Shin bet has only learned in 1993, from the documents of the Mitrokhin passed to British intelligence. The officer was summoned for questioning, he admitted his guilt, but due to his advanced age and unwillingness to avoid scandal it was decided to close the case. Retired General passed away not long after.
The Church was part of KGB agents
Also KGB agents were representatives of the various churches. In the list Mitrokhin was a former Archbishop of Nazareth and Galilee from the Greek Orthodox Church Julian Mersiades Isidore, a priest Adrian Oleinikov (Oleynikov), which during the service in Israel and Lebanon in the 1950-1960-ies worked on a Committee of agents under the nickname Ognev and supposedly he is currently Archbishop of St. Petersburg. On the website of the St. Petersburg Archdiocese name of priest there are no lists of bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church.
According to some reports, undercover nicknames Restorer and Ognev in the KGB was the other priest, now a Bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church for peace, Metropolitan of Vilnius and Lithuania Chrysostom. In 1966 the priest visited Israel, and Syria. This is the only Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church, which recognized the fact of his cooperation with the KGB “in the interests of the Church”, said NEWSru Israel.
Cases of successful pereverbovki
In addition, the KGB was actively recruiting immigrants of aliyah 1970-ies. Many of them gave up immediately, the Shin bet, the other cut ties with the curators, and some continued to work for the Soviet Union.
And known cases when unmasked Soviet spy has become the successful employees of the Shin bet. To this type belong the agents of Samaritan and Jupiter. Repatriables in 1972, they tried to pass the test of the Shin bet, however, the investigators did not like their behavior. Both agents were summoned for further questioning, where he admitted working for the KGB and was recruited by.
Then both for a long time the Soviet Union supplied misinformation, and in 1981 helped to reveal Marcus Klingberg, who worked in the biological Institute in ness Ziona. Samaritan worked for the Shin bet to the collapse of the Soviet Union, making a good career in the Israeli business. Currently, the former agent holds an influential position in the Israeli economy.
The history of the Mitrokhin archive
Vasili Mitrokhin (1922-2004), from 1948 until retirement in 1984, was a member of the KGB. In the late 1940-ies he returned from his tour of duty, which was carried out as intelligence officer. Mitrokhin during the trip does not show and, moreover, produced negative results, therefore there was a question about his expulsion from a number of intelligence officers.
But because his child had been a cripple from childhood and was stricken with polio, who headed the first chief Directorate of the KGB of the USSR Alexander Sakharov decided to leave Mitrokhin intelligence and translate it to the records office. In the archive service Vasili Mitrokhin worked until 1984, after which he retired with the rank of major.
In the early ‘ 90s Mitrokhin tried to flee the country. In 1992, seven years after leaving the KGB, he went to Riga, taking with him thousands of pages of documents. At the U.S. Embassy Mitrokhin asked for political asylum, but not of interest to the CIA officers. They considered it just a regular librarian, not a spy. Copies of it were not original documents and could easily be a fake.
Then Mitrokhin had turned to the nearby British Embassy. The employee of the British foreign intelligence service, after talking with him and after consulting with his headquarters, announced to him that he becomes an agent of British intelligence under the code name Sad.
Mitrokhin brought in a month a new batch of documents has already researched the officers of MI6. Shortly thereafter, in September 1992, Mitrokhin was in London. On 7 November of the same year he left by train to Riga. From there, along with his wife, son and six huge suitcases with secret documents of the British intelligence officers took him “in the house, located in a secure location in the UK.”
While working in the intelligence Mitrokhin copied the secret documents on small pieces of paper, and then carried out of the archives, hiding in shoes, socks and pants. Received the material he kept at his dacha under the floor in the packs of milk. These copies, made by hand, relate to intelligence starting with 1918 and ending with the intelligence of the USSR in the world in 1980.
In 1995, employees of MI6 was invited to the headquarters of the famous Cambridge historian Christopher Andrew to introduce him to Mitrokhin for co-writing the book based on the secret materials collected by the Soviet defector. 996-page book “the Mitrokhin Archive” was published in 1999. In the same year died the Mitrokhin wife Nina. The ex-intelligence officer died in 2004.
After the publication was released in the West, began a noisy disclosure, such as “grandmother spy” Melita Norwood, which is almost 40 years supplied the Soviet intelligence service British nuclear secrets, and Felix Bloch, a senior U.S. state Department, who were suspected of espionage.
Among other revelations of Mitrokhin’s plan was to disrupt the 1969 investiture of the Prince of Wales and present it as an MI5 conspiracy aimed at discrediting the nationalist party of Wales Plaid Cymru; the plan to cripple fleeing ballet dancers Rudolf Nureyev and Natalia Makarova and ruin their career; details about Soviet caches in Western Europe and the United States with weapons that could take advantage of the Pro-Soviet agents and their henchmen in the event of war.