Strikes by Russian aircraft on Aleppo can be regarded as war crimes, stated in the adopted on 17 October communique of the EU Council on foreign Affairs. The European Union issued a strong condemnation of the military actions of the Syrian army and the Russian space forces against the civilian population and humanitarian organizations working in the country. The Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation stated that they would not attack Aleppo on October 20 for 8 hours.
The document says that the bombing of hospitals, medical personnel, schools, and necessary for the public infrastructure, as well as the use of barrel and cluster bombs and chemical weapons against the civilian population, “are a catastrophic escalation of the conflict” and “may constitute war crimes.”
“The EU condemns the ongoing systematic, widespread and grave violations and abuses of human rights and all violations of international humanitarian law by all parties, in particular the Syrian regime and its allies,” the document says.
– The EU did not propose to impose sanctions against Russia because of the situation in Syria
– German newspaper Bild has suggested five punishment to Putin for peace enforcement in Syria
It also emphasizes that the attack on the humanitarian convoy of the United Nations for Aleppo September 19 “is a clear violation of international law, which demands a comprehensive investigation.”
Videoconferencing will begin to hold a “humanitarian pause”
Russian and Syrian military will conduct “humanitarian pause” in Syria’s Aleppo for the passage of civilians and the withdrawal of militants in the area of Idlib, on 20 October from 08:00 to 16:00 VC of the Russian Federation and the Syrian troops will not strike, reports TASS words of the head of the Main operational Directorate of the General staff Sergey Rudskoy.
“We understand that the coordination of all issues can take a long time. Therefore, we decided not to waste time and to initiate a “humanitarian pause”, primarily for the free passage of civilians, medical and casualty evacuations, as well as the withdrawal of the militants. For these purposes, 20 October from 08:00 to 16:00 in the district of Aleppo will be introduced “humanitarian pause,” said rudskoy.
He said that the first corridor is on the way Costello, the other is located in the South of the city in the district of Souk El-Hai. “On these corridors, the rebels can get in the area of Idlib. These same corridors can be used to evacuate the sick and wounded. Six corridors opened for the passage of civilians,” said rudskoy. To inform citizens and militants, he said, will be to spread leaflets, which will include routes out of the city and the crossing of the checkpoints of government troops.
UN officials welcomed any break in the fighting in Aleppo and promised to use this pause to improve the humanitarian situation in the Syrian city.
The head of EU diplomacy Federica Mogherini welcomed the Russian decision to impose the 8-hour humanitarian pause in Aleppo. However, she noted that humanitarian agencies on the ground have to decide whether that’s enough time to provide the necessary assistance, as earlier, the UN reported the need for 12-hour pause.
On the morning of 17 October, it became known that the EU has condemned Russia’s actions in Syria, but no country in the EU has not proposed sanctions against Russia in connection with the situation.
In early October the head of the Bundestag Committee on foreign Affairs, the party of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s “Christian democratic Union” (CDU) Norbert röttgen said that Germany is considering the introduction of new sanctions against Russia because of the worsening situation in Syria. The politician said that sanctions will be effective in the long term.
After that, the American newspaper the Wall Street Journal, citing a senior diplomatic source in the EU saidthat Germany is considering the introduction of additional EU sanctions against Russia in response to Russia’s actions in Syria. The interlocutor of the edition noted that with additional restrictive measures in Berlin hoping to force Moscow to change its course in the Arab country.
Then the German newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung, citing a source, reported that German Chancellor Merkel plans to advocate for tougher sanctions against Russia because of the situation in Syria at the EU summit on October 20-21. The interlocutor of the edition told that we are talking about restrictions in such areas as aircraft construction and military-industrial complex.
In addition, the foreign Minister of Britain, Boris Johnson and the head of the U.S. Department of state John Kerry said negotiations in London that London and Washington are considering imposing sanctions against Syria and Russia due to the aggravation of the situation around Aleppo. The head of the British foreign Ministry noted that possible restrictive measures will be economic in nature.