The Russian government called for a significant revision prepared by Senator Elena Mizulina ‘s bill to ban the baby boxes, said in an official opinion published on the website of the government. In late September, she hastened to informthat the government has approved its bill, but then it turned outthat it is not.
Now the government is undecided. “The bill needs substantial revision before consideration by the state Duma in the first reading”, – stated in the opinion.
Mizulina proposed to prohibit the organization of anonymous abandonment of children, and for violation penalties ranging from one to five million rubles or suspension of activities of legal entities for up to 90 days. The review indicates that the projected article 6.19 of the code of administrative offences “requires clarification as the wording allows for broad interpretation of the objective side of the projected administrative offense”. This may give rise to inconsistent enforcement, including judicial practice, warns the government.
We offer “the amount of the fine for legal entities, which typically are budget institutions appears to be excessive, because the amount of money it is comparable to the size of the wage Fund maternity medium power for one to three months.”
In addition, a sanction of suspension, may deprive citizens of the opportunity to receive medical care, and orphans social and educational services, as “currently designated for the anonymous abandonment of children are, as a rule, medical institutions and organizations for children-orphans”, according to the opinion.
The government recalled that the Convention on the rights of the child stipulates that “every child has the inherent right to life and the right to know their parents and be cared for by that States parties to the Convention must ensure, in accordance with their national legislation, I remind the authors of the document.
“This will require the establishment of a system of legal regulation, ensuring the achievement of these goals, and, consequently, complex changes to the legislation of the Russian Federation. In order to prevent the abandonment of children after their birth also required the adoption of comprehensive measures in the framework of the National strategy of actions in interests of children, including support for pregnant women in difficult situations”, – the document says.
Baby-boxes have become an alternative to abandonment of infants on the street
The first baby-boxes in Russia appeared in October 2011, the main credit for this belongs to the Perm Foundation “Cradle of hope” and its President Elena Kotova.
“It has always been that babies left on the street and killed. Just, I guess I didn’t see it. And then we Perm had a story when the bodies of two infants found on the balcony. And this information I have deposited in the head, – said Elena Kotova the online edition of Meduza. – Coincidentally, at the same time I heard about “baby-boxes”. At first I thought I would create a new project and someone will give it. But I realized that we have a very small percentage of men doing work with people and real stories, not masters grants. Simply, there are people who understand the value of human life, and there are those who don’t understand.”
Kotova studied the law and found that there are no restrictions for the installation of “baby boxes” is not. Since then, she goes and negotiates with hospitals and children’s hospitals. Kotova convinces them with a single argument: the frozen child to get much more difficult than the baby that fifteen minutes spent in a “baby box”, and to do this they still have.
“This infant you’ll be near the man, on whom everything depends. He cannot escape, he cannot call for help, he can’t call in some kind of specialized service. And, accordingly, if the person is on the verge and in this state he wants to leave the child in the stairwell or on the street, tying the ball, or in a store, or someone to transfer there and run, it is better to let the baby fall into the hands of doctors,” explained Kotova.
However, the Fund not only establishes the baby boxes, but also places them on the phone care. According to Kotova, once a woman finds out about an unwanted pregnancy, she immediately begins to look for ways to solve this problem: sitting in social networks, someone advised, trying to think of something. The phone number for a “baby box” is just way out of the situation that she is looking for. Only thus were able to help 400 women, says Kotov. “We started talking to the girls, and then they abandoned the idea to throw the baby and let the kids themselves, they get help, and all, the entire fate was turned the other way.”
Now in Russia there is a 20 “baby boxes” in 11 regions, in 16 subjects of the Federation in negotiations. The cost of one – about 400 thousand rubles. This amount includes the design, installation, commissioning and system of SMS notification: a message indicating what “box” they were opening, come on a mobile phone in the Fund. The first “window of life” appeared in Perm and Krasnodar Krai, and then in Tyumen, Kursk, Stavropol and Yekaterinburg. At the same time a project of “Anonymous childbirth”: Foundation staff work hard to ensure that women know about this possibility, and the doctors were very understanding. The Foundation believes that if women are assured of anonymity, they are likely to prefer to give birth in hospitals than at home, and in this case, the child will not be in danger, and the specialists will be able to speak with the mother and to somehow help.
Install baby-boxes it is possible far not in all regions. 3 may 2015, the window of life opened in Kirov in the parish of the sacred Heart of Jesus Roman Catholic Church, and three days later it was closed at the request of the regional Prosecutor’s office. “According to the law, powers to identify abandoned children is only granted to bodies of guardianship and guardianship. Other legal and physical persons have no right to do this. Everyone understands that it’s illegal,” – explained to”Interfax” the press-Secretary of the Supervisory Department Natalia Kim. Under the threat of closure was also a “baby box” in Ekaterinburg the temple of St. innocent of Moscow, but he was able to save.
Former children’s Ombudsman Pavel Astakhov was the most consistent opponent of baby-boxes. In March at the meeting of the Council for the protection of the family and traditional family values, he stated that the installation of baby-boxes is akin to the drug trade.
“All enemies of the boxes only say that they should be banned – objects Kotova. – And then begin platitudes about working with women. But, in fact, no prevention, no! Understand how these children who are put in baby boxes, which nobody wanted, and their mother useless”.
Infanticide is a consequence of the policy on abortion, contraception and reproductive health
Claudia Clear, the researcher of problems of infanticide in Europe from the Vienna medical University in an interview with Meduza, published October 3, said: “We found a statistically significant decrease in cases of murder of infants in Austria after the appearance of the possibility of anonymous childbirth. I think this is a very important discovery. Now we see that the number of infanticide again went up; the number of anonymous births has declined – they stopped talking publicly, because the Austrian authorities against such a measure”.
Now researchers are trying to convince the government that we must continue to disseminate information about the possibility of anonymous childbirth.
In the explanatory note to the bill Mizulina said that the number of victims of infanticide in Germany “annually ranges from 20 to 35″, and this number has not changed after the appearance of the baby boxes. Claudia Clergy questioned the statistics, explaining why such data cannot be.
“Germany has no exact statistics of cases of infanticide, they collect their data for publication in open sources – for example, according to reports in the Newspapers. Here’s the trick. Such statistics existed, the country needs to be a separate category of offenses – then it will be a separate record of such cases”, – explained the expert. “In Germany, a separate article for such cases, no. It was, but it was canceled about 15 years ago, on the basis that women should not have the privilege”, she added.
In Finland and Sweden, where statistics on infanticide there initially were very low cases of murder babies. “He is so low that it is comparable with the level that we received after entering preventive measures. We think this is due to the fact that, unlike Austria, Finland and Sweden – not the country’s Catholic and Lutheran. They do a lot for contraception, free abortions – and you can do them until 18-20 weeks, that is, allowed abortion in the later term. Therefore, they have not such a high number of cases of infanticide. They don’t need special measures to combat this phenomenon”, explained Claudia Clear.
According to her, the number of cases of infanticide depends on how it addressed the issue of abortion, contraception, reproductive health and reproductive rights. The important role played by socio-economic factor, said associate Professor of medical University of Vienna.
A bill to ban the baby boxes is not only the failure of Senator Mizulina this fall. In September, she demanded to close the exhibition of the photographer Jock Sturges in the Center of photography Lumiere brothers in Moscow, arguing that it publicly showed child pornography images.
As it turned out, she too trusted the post of the blogger Lena Miro (Elena Mironenko), which introduced misled her and the police who came to the exhibition in search of images of naked children, and departed with nothing. As it turned out, in the occurrence of the scandal, the role played by the reputation of the photographer, especially famous for, photos of naked girls from families of nudists, and the haste with which Senator Mizulina began to denounce the exhibition.