The Ministry of justice took the initiative on amendments to the Family code of the Russian Federation. The Agency proposed now to enter into marriage from the age of 16 for valid reasons only with consent of the parents of the intending spouses of citizens or of the guardianship. This is stated in the documentpublished on the Federal portal of projects of normative legal acts.
In the explanatory note to the bill States that the proposed changes “will contribute to the strengthening of traditional family values, building respect for parents and, ultimately, enhance the role of the family institution”.
Currently, according to the current Family code, local authorities are allowed to marry persons under 16 years of age, at their own request for good reasons and parental approval for such a marriage is not required.
The Ministry of justice, in turn, offers to make changes: for the marriage of persons between 16 and 18 years will require mandatory authorization of a parent or guardian. If the consent of the parents or persons in Loco parentis, is not received, then such permission would be given by bodies of guardianship and guardianship.
In February, the Parliament of Bashkortostan has postponed consideration of the bill on early marriage, which has caused a wide resonance in the society. In December last year, the Kurultai adopted a document on marriage from the age of 14 in the first reading, after which the Republic was organized several protests of public organizations.
Bashkir Parliament 24 Dec 2015 adopted in the first reading the bill allowing marriage at age 14. According to the document, the marriage Union is possible at this age in exceptional cases: during pregnancy or child birth.
After that, the public organization “all-Russian Parental resistance held a number of pickets against the amendments to the Family code of the Republic of Bashkortostan. According to activists, the bill will create “an environment for sexual abuse of minors by adults, who will get the chance to avoid criminal punishment under the pretext of mutual intent to marry”. Public men insist that lower the threshold age for marriage was set at 16 years.
In Bashkiria every year marriages, where one of the newlyweds is a teenager aged 14 to 16 years. In 2012, a total of 11 such marriages, in 2013 – 14, in 2014-m – 21. Marriage to 14 years in the Republic are not registered.
Set the marriage age in Russia is 18 years. However, the act permits marriage from the age of 16 and even earlier. According to article 13 of the Family code of the Russian Federation, constituent entities of the Russian Federation can set their own rules according to which allowed a marriage before reaching the age of 16.
The lowest age for marriage is 14 years – installed in Rostov, Moscow, Vologda, Samara and Kaluga regions and in Bashkortostan. In Chechnya, the lower age limit of the spouses is set at 16 years. In Tatarstan the age of majority is 18 years. However, young can marry up to 16 years if there are special circumstances (pregnancy, child birth or a threat to the life of one of the parties).