The Nobel prize in chemistry in 2016 was awarded to three scientists for the design and synthesis of molecular machines. The award was given to the researcher from the Netherlands Bernard Feringa, working in the U.S., the Briton James Fraser Stoddart and Frenchman Jean-Pierre Sauvage, according to a press release from the Nobel Committee.
Scientists were able to develop the world’s smallest car. The researchers have managed to tie molecules together, creating a tiny lift, artificial muscles and microscopic motors. “The Nobel prize in chemistry in 2016 was miniaturizzati machine and translated the chemistry to a new dimension,” reads the website of the Committee. The press release notes that with the development of computer technology, the miniaturization of technologies can lead to revolution.
A group of scientists have developed molecules with controlled movements, which can perform tasks when you add energy. The first step towards the creation of molecular machines has taken Sauvage in 1983, forming a chain of two ring-shaped molecules called catenin. Allow the machine to perform a task, it must consist of parts which could move relative to each other. This requirement is consistent with the two connected by Sauvage ring.
The second step was made by Stoddart in 1991, synthesizing rotaksan connection, which panteleiadou molecule is wearing the ring. Among its developments is a molecular Elevator, the molecular muscle based on molecules with a computer chip.
Finally, Feringa in 1999 he demonstrated the operation of molecular motors.
In 1999, Ben Feringa builds the first molecular motors #NobelPrize pic.twitter.com/kqRSUQuFKr