Climate scientists came to a disappointing conclusion: 2016 could be the hottest in the entire history of observations due to global warming. Experts acknowledge that the rate of warming are frightening. This, in particular, said Secretary General of the world meteorological organization (WMO) petteri Taalas, reports Yahoo! News , citing AFP.
“The United States of America and the rest of the world already late. The rate of global warming is extremely important, as climate change and its consequences are happening faster and with greater complications than expected,” said Taalas.
According to the WMO, the average temperature on Earth has risen by 1.2 degrees Celsius. The temperature rise at 1.5 degrees Celsius, the international experts consider extremely dangerous.
The main cause of global warming – greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to anthropogenic factor. Experts predict a continued rise in temperature. It is expected that 2017 will also be the hottest year, but is unlikely to set a temperature record.
On 4 November, entered into force on the Paris climate agreement. This happened 30 days after the document was ratified by 55 countries accounting for at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Secretary of the United Nations on climate change, Patricia Espinosa called the adopted documents. In her words, it “lays the Foundation for another world.”
A global agreement on climate change was adopted in December 2015 in Paris. Officials from 195 countries have agreed to reduce emissions to hold the increase in air temperature on the planet before the end of this century to two degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels.
Ideally, the average temperature increase should not exceed half a degree. According to scientists, this will avoid climate change, which are likely to become catastrophic and irreversible.
The Paris agreement should replace the Kyoto Protocol, the validity of which will expire in 2020. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, the Paris agreement provides that the obligations on reduction of harmful emissions into the atmosphere take on all States irrespective of their degree of economic development. The document does not provide quantitative commitments for reducing or limiting CO2 emissions so that each country gets to determine its own policy in this area.
Russia signed the Paris agreement, but not yet ratified, in connection with the necessity of making national documents on transition to energy-saving technologies and the introduction of relevant amendments to existing legislation.