The Prosecutor of the Hague Tribunal called the situation in Crimea, the armed conflict between Ukraine and Russia
The Prosecutor of the International criminal court (ICC) in the Hague, Fatou Bensouda, has equated the situation in Crimea, the armed conflict between Russia and Ukraine. This is stated in the accompanying activity report according to preliminary investigation, published on November 14 on the website of the court.
“According to sources, the situation on the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol, equivalent to the international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation,” the report says. “The international armed conflict began no later than 26 February (2014) when the Russian Federation has mobilized the personnel of their armed forces to gain control over parts of Ukraine without the consent of the government of Ukraine”, – the document says.
The Prosecutor noted that the definition of “international armed conflict” can be applied to the situation after 18 March 2014, when Crimea became part of Russia: “law of international armed conflict applies after March 18, 2014 to the extent where the situation in Crimea and Sevastopol would be tantamount to a continuing state of occupation,” reads a paragraph 158 of document.
The document States that for the purposes of the Rome Statute – the international Treaty establishing the international criminal court, is “armed conflict can be international in nature, if one or more countries partially or completely occupied the territory of another state, regardless of, whether the occupation is accompanied by armed resistance.”
It is noted that the adoption of the control of Crimea by Russia “overall, there have been no fire fight”. “Russian military personnel were used to establish control over the territory, including Ukrainian military bases and government buildings, and in mid-March the government of Ukraine started the withdrawal of military units and units located on the Crimean bases, the main territory of the country,” the report says.
In addition, in the Hague indicated that the application of Russian legislation in the Crimea the Crimean Tatars and other Muslims of the Peninsula “was subjected to harassment or bullying, including a number of measures such as a ban on entry into the territory [of Crimea], house searches, and restrictions on freedom of speech, Assembly and of Association”.
It was decided to continue gathering evidence on this issue next year.
Fatou Bensouda – the first African woman, who work at the Hague Tribunal. She graduated from the University in Nigeria, worked as a lawyer in the courts of the Gambia, studied in Malta. Then became attorney General and Minister of justice of the Gambia. Bensouda international career started at the International Tribunal on genocide in Rwanda in 2002. In 2004 she was elected Deputy Prosecutor of the ICC, and in 2012, following the resignation of Argentinian lawyer Luis Moreno Ocampo has replaced him in the post of Prosecutor.
The international criminal court (Hague Tribunal) is the first permanent international criminal justice, which is responsible for the prosecution of persons responsible for genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity. Established on the basis of the Rome Statute, adopted in 1998. Officially began its work on 1 July 2002.
The Verkhovna Rada in February 2015, recognized the jurisdiction of the International court to file a claim to Russia, the Prosecutor General’s office gathered for the ICC materials, which cover the period from February 20, 2014 – the day that was recognized by the authorities of Ukraine the day of the beginning of “Russian aggression”.