Most Russians do not do reserves on crisis cases and consider the responsibility of the authorities to create reserves to help citizens in crisis situations. These are the results of the survey “the Material reserves of the country: what to spend and whom to help?”, conducted by the Russian centre for public opinion studies VTSIOM, among 1,600 people in 130 populated localities in 46 regions and nine Federal districts of Russia .
The vast majority (96%) of Russian respondents expressed the view that the government must provide the population with food, commodities and fuel in the event of crisis situations.
According to the respondents, to ensure the national security of the state it is important to have the medication (99%), food (98%), cash and foreign exchange reserves (93%), and petroleum products, raw materials for industry, machines and equipment (for 92%).
Three possible emergencies, according to the Russians, was the economic crisis (90%), attacks (85%) and a sharp increase in the price of commodities (84%). Natural disasters have serious concerns about 73% of the respondents, nearly two thirds (65%) of survey participants say about the possibility of man-made disasters. 60% fear of epidemics, 59% of military aggression, every second (50%) – deficit or irregularities in the supply of commodities.
While two thirds (66%) of Russians do not make reserves in case of crisis situations. 22% of respondents save money, 19% hoard food, which is eight percentage points more than the results of a similar survey in 2011.
13% of respondents reported that they create reserves of commodities, 8% hoard shoes and clothes.
In General, the sociologists, every second (51%) Russian to some extent aware of the existence in Russia of state material reserves, 60% of respondents know about the financial reserves.
Answering the question about in what cases should receive assistance from the state material reserve, the most pointed man-made disasters, terrorist attacks, natural disasters and other emergencies (83%), violations heating and food supplies, essential goods, fuel (74%), as well as the war and mobilization (71%).
In addition, according to 56% of the respondents, the provision shall be used in the event of rising prices for commodities, 55% believe that inventories you can use in case the crisis situation in major sectors of the economy.
On the question of the use of national stockpiles in support of other States the opinions of the respondents diverged significantly. Thus, only 27% believe that the stocks of the state material reserves can be allocated to foreign countries.
Arguing about specific cases of aid to foreign countries at the expense of the state material reserves, more than half (58%) of Russians approved the use of reserves to support the South-East of Ukraine.
46% of respondents supported the use of the reserve for the needs of Syria, 40% were against such actions. The situation is similar with the assessment of aid to CIS countries: approved 45% of the respondents, 40% expressed disapproval of such use of the material reserve. 60% opposed aid from the funds of material reserves to countries outside the CIS.