Over the past two years, since the beginning of the economic downturn, the number of Russians who identify themselves as middle class has dropped by 10%. In this case, now consider themselves middle class slightly more than half of Russians. These data are presented in the next update of the study “Consumer index Ivanov,”conducted by experts from Sberbank CIB.
The share of Russians who identificeret yourself included in the middle class dropped from 61% of the population in the third quarter of 2014 to 51%. Analysts say that costs have grown faster than wages, and this inevitably put pressure pressure on the consumption of goods that do not belong to the category of Essentials.
At the same time, Sberbank CIB rely on the fact that the middle class will cease to decline further, due to the fact that the wage growth will be at the level of inflation.
The consumer confidence index in the last quarter rose to minus 15% to minus 17% in the second quarter of 2016, due to rising wages, inflationary expectations and concerns related to the exchange rate, and improvement in the labor market.
Experts note that the index value for the third quarter of 2016 increased through improved assessment of the current situation and not due to changes in expectations and prospects – in contrast to the second quarter of 2015, when the index has increased due to unjustified optimism.
As for the index of national welfare, also expect Sberbank CIB, it is for 12 months rose from minus 30% to minus 25%.
This, according to analysts, could be attributed to the continued slowdown in inflation, easing concerns related to the exchange rate, and improvement in the employment situation. Decreased and the share of Russians who believe the country’s economy is unstable, to 82% against 83% in the second quarter of 2016.
At the same time, the index conditions for making major purchases fell from minus 26% to minus 27%.
In addition, the report noted the decline in unemployment among respondents to 10.9%, compared with 11.3% in the second quarter of 2016. Wage a quarter of all Russians with the beginning of the year have been increased or indexed by 6.3%, i.e. the average for the sample, the increase is 1.6%.
If you increase wages, the citizens intend to spend only 19 percent increase for food products (compared to the current 38% of income spent on food), 16% for clothing and household goods (versus the current 17%) and 12% – to postpone (now the share of savings is only 7%).
It is worth noting that for all that the Russians more than anyone else, prone to the Blues. According to a study by economists Vladimir Gimpel’son and Daniel Treisman Misperceiving Inequality, which on the eve told the weekly “Kommersant Money”, the people of Russia and former Soviet countries is generally difficult to determine, they are rich, or poor.
The researchers analyzed 40 cross-national surveys from the database of the international social survey program ISSP, and came to the conclusion that wealthy citizens in Russia and other former Soviet countries assessed their situation as almost disastrous. 70% of respondents in Russia have placed themselves in the bottom half of the distribution (poorer than the average level in the country), 60% in Belarus to 77% in Ukraine.
Respondents in developed countries, their position in the hierarchy evaluate more adequately – in France “the poor” among the rich was 43%, Italy – 41%, UK 40%, Germany – 23%.
A similar survey in the social network “Vkontakte” gave slightly different result: in poor myself recorded of 61.5%, middle class – 34%, 4.5% rich.
On the other hand, reminds the edition, as noted in the report of the Institute of sociology “Poverty and inequality in modern Russia: 10 years later”, the poor in Russia often try to imitate the consumer model, which they seem to be peculiar to the rich, often climbing for the sake of the credits.