The state Duma the applause passed a law to suspend the agreement with the US on plutonium disposition
The state Duma on 19 October adopted a law on the suspension of the agreement with the U.S. on plutonium disposition. Voted 445 deputies, one abstained. Elected officials supported the decision with applause. The Federation Council intends on 26 October to consider the law. Russian President Vladimir Putin made a decree on suspension of the agreement 3 Oct.
Putin in the Duma introduced a bill on the suspension of the agreement with the US on plutonium disposition, which sets out the terms of the renewal agreements. The agreement with the US was signed on 29 August 2000. The agreement provided for the disposal of excess weapons-grade plutonium in Russia and the United States, in particular through the production of mixed oxide fuel use in nuclear power reactors, translation into forms suitable for the creation of weapons and burial.
According to 19 October, the draft law, Russia will renew the agreement, subject to certain conditions from the United States. In particular, Moscow could return to the performance of the agreement under the cancellation of Washington’s “Magnitsky act”, in the case of the repeal of all anti-Russian sanctions and providing compensation for them, as well as with the reduction of military infrastructure in NATO countries.
Earlier, opposition politician Leonid Volkov wrotethat the bill on the terms of renewal of the agreement on plutonium disposition actually makes it clear that it does not suit Putin to U.S. policy towards Russia. In addition, the document has turned Russia into a nuclear blackmailer, mentioned the opposition leader.
Analyst Mikhail Krutikhin notedthat the demarche Putin showed the effectiveness of Western sanctions. At the same time, the expert stressed that the decision to suspend the agreement are not addressed to US, and the Russians to escalate the hatred of an external enemy.
On 5 October the government also announced the decision to suspend the agreement with the USA on cooperation in scientific research and development in nuclear and energy spheres. The document was signed on 16 September 2013 in Vienna. The agreement defined the areas of scientific and technical cooperation in the field of use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes, including nuclear safety, designing of nuclear power plants, innovative types of reactor fuel, the use of nuclear and radiation technologies in medicine and industry, the management of radioactive waste.
The government introduced this step as a countermeasure in response to U.S. sanctions in connection with the situation in Ukraine, including suspension of Russian-American cooperation in the field of nuclear energy. Why retaliatory steps began to take only two years, the government has not explained.
In the US since unfortunately reacted to the decision of Russia. State Department spokesman mark Toner called the termination “a real tragedy” as the two countries ‘ cooperation in the nuclear field was successful.
The so-called Magnitsky act was passed by Congress and signed by President Barack Obama in December 2012. The document provides for sanctions against several Russian officials including law enforcement officers involved, according to Washington, the death of Sergei Magnitsky.
The US imposed sanctions against Russia – personal, and then targeting companies and sectors of the economy in 2014, after the annexation of Crimea to Russia, which in the West continue to consider the annexation. The sanctions, which was supported by the EU, has been repeatedly extended. In response Russia has imposed a ban on imports of several categories of goods from countries declared sanctions. In September 2016, US Department of Commerce has expanded the sectoral sanctions against Russia, adding to the black list of 80 Russian companies.
The agreement on plutonium disposition with the US was signed on 29 August 2000. It was assumed that each of the parties in 2018 will begin to eliminate the “declassified” inventory of plutonium in the amount of 34 tons.