The UN security Council on Wednesday, November 30, unanimously approved the introduction of new sanctions against North Korea for the fifth test of nuclear weapons in September 2016, according to Reuters. These sanctions will limit coal exports would deprive the country’s main source of hard currency.
UN Secretary-General ban Ki-moon welcomed the unanimous adoption of a new resolution and stated that it will be a clear signal to the DPRK that should meet their international commitments and cease provocations.
As writes The New York Times, the key to new sanctions was the restriction on coal exports to the main consumer of the DPRK to China. The new resolution aims to reduce the incomes of the DPRK coal exports to $ 700 million. The resolution States that North Korea may not sell more than 7.5 million tons of coal per year, or receive no more than $ 400 million a year.
In addition, the sanctions prohibit the export of non-ferrous metals – copper, zinc, Nickel, silver. Expanded the list of luxury items prohibited for import in North Korea, including bone China worth more than $ 100, and also banned imports of a number of dual-use equipment. Also, the UN suspends scientific and technical cooperation with companies and individuals, sponsoring or representing North Korea.
The document requires to resolve the North Korean diplomatic missions worldwide to use only one Bank account.
Foreign exchange earnings from the sale of coal to China will decrease by 62%, according to the AP. The representative of the people’s Republic of China to the UN Liu Jieyi believes that the resolution demonstrates the international community’s position in relation to the DPRK’s nuclear programme and believes that the measures “are not intended to have negative implications for the humanitarian situation in the DPRK”.
Fox News notes that the resolution was drafted more than two months with the participation of the US and China. The introduction of measures had been agreed with Britain, Russia and France. Test North Korea represent a serious challenge to the national security of the new administration elected President of the USA of Donald trump, who called during the election campaign the leader of the DPRK Kim Jong-UN a “geek”, but did not say how he plans to restrain its nuclear ambitions.
6 January, North Korea conducted its fifth nuclear test, on 7 February launched a carrier rocket with the artificial companion of the Earth, thus violating the resolutions of the UN Security Council. Then, in response, the UN security Council also strengthened sanctions against the DPRK.
On 9 September, the authorities announced the successful conducting regular tests of nuclear weapons, and on the 27th of the same month, reported on the completion of the development of weapons.
President Barack Obama “in the strongest terms” condemned Pyongyang’s actions. He recalled that the September test had followed an “unprecedented series of launches of ballistic missiles, which, according to the statements of the DPRK, are a means of delivery of nuclear warheads” to strike at the US and its allies.
In March, the UN security Council approved another tough resolution against North Korea. The document envisaged a ban on the export of the Pyongyang coal, iron ore, titanium, vanadium, gold and other valuable metals, as well as embargo on the DPRK aviation and rocket fuel. In addition, sanctions were imposed in the banking sector, the mandatory inspection of cargo and targeted measures against individuals and entities linked to nuclear and missile programs. Sanctions against the country has also expanded in South Korea and the United States.