The UN security Council for a year extended the investigation of the use of chemical weapons in Syria
The UN security Council unanimously approved a resolution N2319 to renew on a year mission to investigate the use of chemical weapons in Syria. The specialists of the Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW) was ordered to pay attention to the activities of terrorists on the development of chemical warfare agents, reports Reuters.
In the document “the hard way” condemns “any use of toxic chemicals as weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic” and issued an ultimatum stressed that Syria “will not use, develop, produce and any other way to get their hands on, accumulate and store chemical weapons.”
The US government has already welcomed the decision of the UN security Council. Washington believes this step is vital to the fight against the proliferation of chemical weapons. According to state Department spokesman John Kirby, the international community “must send a clear signal” that those responsible for using chemical weapons would face “serious consequences.”
Last week, the defense Ministry said that about 30 Syrian soldiers were injured in the result of the militants on November 13 chemical weapons in Eastern Aleppo. “On Syrian government forces by terrorists once again chemical weapons were used… as a result, about 30 members of the 415 battalion of the 115th division of the Republican guard received poisonings of various severity level. Most of them were quickly evacuated to a hospital in Aleppo,” – said the representative of the Ministry Igor Konashenkov.
According to him, experts of the Scientific centre of radiation, chemical and biological protection has determined that the militants attacked the Syrian troops in Aleppo, using chlorine. “Taken by officers of the Russian Scientific centre of radiation, chemical and biological protection on the spot samples confirmed the use of militants as a toxic substance – chlorine”, he added.
Earlier, the Russian officers during the investigation in the southwestern part of the Syrian city of Aleppo have found evidence of terrorist use of chemical weapons against civilians and Syrian soldiers. Analysis in the laboratory with a high probability have shown that the shells of fighters used chlorine and white phosphorus, said the Agency.
In August 2016, was published a report on the use of chemical weapons in Syria, jointly prepared by the UN mission and the Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons. In two cases the use of toxic chemicals, experts have accused the Syrian government forces, and in another – terrorists “Islamic state” (ISIS, an organization banned in Russia). In all there were nine episodes, but six of them failed to identify the party who used chemical weapons. It was noted that the investigation of the three of them will continue.
Then Russia’s permanent representative to the UN Vitaly Churkin criticized the report, saying it “contains no names, specifics, as fingerprints. According to him, to enter on the basis of data submitted by the experts of sanctions against the government of Syria prematurely. For the introduction of restrictive measures against Damascus for use of chemical weapons by the U.S., France and Britain. The Syrian government in 2013 agreed to destroy all stocks of chemical weapons.
In the last report, submitted in late October, a joint mission of UN and OPCW to investigate cases of use of chemical substances for military purposes in Syria, acknowledged the authorities responsible for another chemical attack. The experts came to the conclusion that the Syrian government used toxic gas in the province of Idlib on March 16, 2015. Churkin after the publication of the fourth report also statedthat the conclusions of the experts “are mostly not supported by sufficient evidence base”.
On 30 October, the Syrian and Russian state media reported that the positions of Syrian government forces and militia were attacked near a Military Academy in the South-West of Aleppo – one of the hottest points of confrontation. Used in the shells with some chemical toxic substances – presumably chlorine. According to the Russian defense Ministry, as a result of the use of chemical weapons killed two Syrian soldiers and received poisonings of various severity level 37 civilians.
Both sides of the conflict in Syria deny using chemical weapons, while blaming each other in its application. In 2013, the Syrian government agreed to destroy all stockpiles of chemical weapons according to the results of difficult negotiations involving the United States and Russia, which was presented as a major success of world diplomacy. Then the transaction was accompanied by the UN resolution, a separate paragraph which provided for the imposition of sanctions in case of non-compliance with the terms of the agreement.
Convention on the prohibition of chemical weapons, adopted in April 1997, prohibited the production, stockpiling and use of chlorine. Syria joined the agreement in autumn 2013.