The Verkhovna Rada adopted a joint with Poland Declaration about the responsibility of the USSR for the war
The Ukrainian Parliament on 20 October, adopted a Declaration of remembrance and solidarity of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland and the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on the events of the Second world war. This is stated in the messagepublished on the website of the Ukrainian Parliament. The draft resolution was approved by 243 deputies out of 328 who attended the meeting.
Earlier it was planned adoption of the Declaration by the parliaments of three countries – Ukraine, Poland and Lithuania. However, the text was deleted mention of the Seimas in connection with the formation in this country of a new Parliament, reports “Interfax”.
The Declaration noted “the great historical sacrifice of the peoples of Poland and Ukraine to protect the freedom and independence”. “The representatives of the Seimas of the Republic of Poland and the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine jointly and simultaneously adopted the Declaration of remembrance and solidarity to commemorate the memory of millions of victims that have sustained our people during the Second world war and to condemn the foreign invaders who tried to destroy our independence”, – the document says.
Responsibility for starting world war II in the Declaration is vested in Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. According to the authors of the document, the Molotov – Ribbentrop Pact concluded in 1939, “between the two totalitarian regimes of the Communist Soviet Union and Nazi Germany”, “led to the explosion on 1 September of the Second world war caused by the aggression of Germany, which 17 Sep joined the Soviet Union.”
“The consequence of these events was the occupation of Poland by Germany and the Soviet Union and mass repression against our peoples. Those events also led to the adoption in Yalta in 1945, the decisions that have begun a new phase of enslavement of all of Eastern and Central Europe that lasted a century”, says the Declaration.
Drafters also draw attention to the fact that “the conduct of the Russian Federation’s aggressive foreign policy, the occupation of the Crimea, support and implementation of armed intervention in Eastern Ukraine, a violation of the basic norms of international law and treaties signed with Ukraine, the Kremlin’s failure to comply with agreements and maintenance of hybrid information war are a threat to peace and security throughout Europe”.
In the Declaration, Ukraine and Poland are calling “all European partners show unity and international solidarity and to defend Europe from external aggression”.
The non-aggression Pact between Germany and the Soviet Union, better known as the Molotov – Ribbentrop Pact, was signed 23 August 1939, the heads of the departments of foreign Affairs of Germany and the Soviet Union, Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov. The parties undertook to refrain from attacking each other and to remain neutral if one of them will become the object of hostilities by a third party.
The Pact was supplemented with secret additional Protocol on the delimitation of spheres of interest in Eastern Europe in case of “territorial and political rearrangement”. The Protocol called for the incorporation of Latvia, Estonia, Finland, Eastern “regions that are part of the Polish state”, and Bessarabia to the USSR sphere of interest. Lithuania and Western Poland were assigned to the German sphere of interest.
The diet of Poland while the Declaration did not vote. Thursday’s discussion, according to TVN24, it was included in the agenda of the next meeting.
We will remind, in April of last year the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a package of laws on de-communization. It includes the laws “On the condemnation of the Communist and national socialist (Nazi) totalitarian regimes in Ukraine and the prohibition of propaganda of their symbols”, “On access to the archives of repressive bodies of the Communist totalitarian regime 1917-1991″, “On perpetuation of the victory over Nazism in the Second world war 1939-1945″ and “On the legal status and the memory of fighters for independence of Ukraine in XX century”.
By law, the members of the OUN-UPA (Ukrainian insurgent army) was recognized as fighters for independence, who “fought against the criminal regime”. Also Parliament then passed a law which established on may 9 Day of Victory over fascism in the Second world war, not in the great Patriotic war, as it was before. In the explanatory note to the document noted that “the Second world war unleashed two criminal totalitarian regime”.