Special envoy of the UN Secretary General, Staffan de Mistura at a press briefing in Geneva said Thursday that he welcomed the humanitarian pause in the Syrian city of Aleppo, announced by the authorities of the Russian Federation and Syria, reports Reuters. At the same time, the emissary of an international organization noted that the actions taken are not beginning implementation of the proposed informed plan for achieving a permanent cessation of hostilities in the city.
De Mistura recalled that the plan provides, inter alia, the withdrawal of militants groups “jabhat al Fatah ash-sham” (formerly “dzhebhat an-Nusra”, an organization banned in Russia) from Aleppo. “However, this proposal is not accepted, “EN-Nusra,” said the emissary of the UN, quoted by TASS.
The representative of the Secretary General elaborated on the details of his plan in the UN Security Council on 7 October. In addition to the withdrawal of the militants from the city, the plan provides for the continuation in the East of Aleppo to the current administration, and also a written guarantee of the cessation of military activities by Russia and the Syrian government.
The first paragraph of the plan States that the implementation of the initiative must begin with the immediate and complete cessation of bombing in Eastern Aleppo and fighting on the front lines within the city. It should not be an increased intensity of the fighting in other parts of Syria.
According to the second paragraph, the militants “An-Nusra” have to be evacuated in the “agreed place or places.” They can leave Eastern Aleppo with weapons in safety. You will need to agree on the number of displayed personnel should be “not more than 900 people, and perhaps less.”
The third paragraph specifies that the current administration in Eastern Aleppo, should continue to act. However, it can rely on the fighters of the armed opposition, not included in the “An-Nusra”, which will be allowed to stay in the city with weapons. Must be immediately lifted the siege on Eastern Aleppo and secured the freedom of access of humanitarian organizations, civilian and commercial vehicles, said de Mistura.
The fourth paragraph provides for a “formal written guarantees” of a cessation of hostilities, a free exit of militants, recognition of the local administration on the part of Russia or from the Syrian government, transmitted through the Russian representatives.
According to the fifth paragraph, you need “international support” evacuation of the militants and the international presence in East Aleppo. “Key countries” involved in the settlement process, should be involved in the “mechanism of coordination and support,” said Staffan de Mistura.
The UN hope to begin evacuation as early as Friday
In turn, the Deputy UN Secretary-General for humanitarian Affairs Jan Egeland said Thursday that the international organization can not start a medical evacuation from Aleppo due to the lack of permission from the representatives of all parties to the conflict.
Egeland expressed hope at a press briefing that this process will begin on Friday, October 21, reports “Interfax”. “From the Eastern part of Aleppo can be taken out hundreds wounded”, – he said. According to Deputy Secretary General of the UN, the evacuation may take place over the next four days.
Humanitarian pause in Aleppo began on 20 October and will run from 08:00 to 19:00 local time (coincides with Moscow). The ceasefire is intended for the release of civilians, the evacuation of the wounded and sick, as well as to ensure that the city could leave the militants blocked in the East of the city. To ensure that people were created six of humanitarian corridors for civilians and two corridors for the rebels. Russia and Syria have stopped airstrikes in Aleppo on Tuesday.
Remains stumbling block to compromise on the situation in Aleppo is a problem of the disengagement of the moderate opposition and terrorists, on which Russia insists. On the eve of the situation in Syria at the talks in Berlin discussed the presidents of Russia and France Vladimir Putin and Francois Hollande and German Chancellor Angela Merkel. After the talks, Merkel and Hollande urged Russia to extend the truce in Aleppo. The Chancellor stressed that divide the moderate opposition and terrorists under the bombs is impossible, and the French leader called meaningless such a short truce.
Putin, commenting on the outcome of talks on Syria, said he informed his colleagues about the Russian side’s intention to extend the pause in air strikes in Aleppo. “We are ready to do it until, until you are faced with the intensification of armed groups entrenched in Aleppo,” – said the head of state.
Peskov: Russia will refuse to renew humanitarian pause in the case of regrouping of the militants
Commenting on Thursday’s commencement of the “humanitarian pause” in Aleppo, the press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov said that Russia, agreeing to take such a step, has high hopes for the plan for the cessation of hostilities, however, will refuse its continuation in the event of a regrouping of terrorists.
“If this process will break if the terrorists will use a humanitarian pause to strike, to rearm, build up arsenals of munitions, it is, of course, will no longer humanitarian pause”, – told reporters the representative of the Kremlin, quoted by “Interfax”.
Peskov said that Russian President Vladimir Putin said at a meeting in Berlin with colleagues from France and Germany. If the pause will use in their end, the terrorists, the question of its renewal “will be very problematic,” Peskov said. “This question depends on how
the situation will develop”, – he added.